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William Foxwell Albright Bibliography Meaning

Biographical Information:

William Foxwell Albright (1891-1971) was an evangelical American Methodist archaeologist, biblical scholar, linguist, and expert on ceramics. He was born in Coquimbo, Chile to Protestant missionaries Wilbur Finley and Zephine Viola Foxwell Albright. He married Dr. Ruth Norton in 1921 in Jerusalem, and they had four sons. Albright pursued his undergraduate studies at Upper Iowa University and received his Ph.D. in 1913 from the Oriental Seminary at Johns Hopkins University, where he later taught from 1929 to 1959. He was also the director of the American School of Oriental Research at Johns Hopkins. One of his major achievements was confirming the authenticity of the Dead Sea Scrolls following their discovery. Also, in 1923 he made the first significant excavation of a tumulus near Jerusalem--possibly the site where an ancient king of Judah was memorialized. He edited the Anchor Bible volumes on Jeremiah, Matthew, and Revelation and his publications include Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan,The Archaeology of Palestine, From the Stone Age to Christianity, and The Biblical Period from Abraham to Ezra.

Important Notice:

This collection is divided into two parts. The first part, boxes 1-8, contains Albright's published materials and is unrestricted. Anyone may use these materials without special permission. The second part, boxes 9-32, contains Albright's unpublished materials and is restricted to those people who have obtained the permission of the committee named by an agreement between the heirs of Albright's estate and the American Schools of Oriental Research. The committee consists of Frank Moore Cross, William L. Moran, David Noel Freedman, and Thomas O. Lambdin.

Gift Agreement:

3 September 1974
Mrs. William F. Albright
3401 Greenway Apt. 2A
Baltimore, Maryland

Dear Mrs. Albright:

During the course of the summer Prof. G.E. Wright arranged that the unpublished manuscripts and notes of your husband ("Class B" of the agreement of 1 July 1973) be transferred to this library so that they could receive proper care and be under closer control. This transfer was completed shortly before Dr. Wright's recent death, and we are now in the process of placing the material into our manuscript area.

I would like to assure you that as depository we will abide by the terms of the agreement with the American Schools of Oriental Research and the restrictions to access therein.

Sincerely,

Peter L. Oliver
Librarian
cc: ASOR
Dean's office

THIS AGREEMENT, entered into this 1st day of July, 1973, by and between the heirs of William F. Albright, deceased, Ruth Norton Albright, Paul Norton Albright, Hugh Norton Albright, Stephen Foxwell Albright and David Foxwell Albright, hereinafter called "the heirs" and The American Schools of Oriental Research, Inc. of Cambridge, Mass., hereinafter called "the School".

W I T N E S S E T H

WHEREAS, the parties hereto desire to make certain agreements concerning two groups of the Nachlass of the late William F. Albright previously delivered to the School which include:

A. Certain bound books and stapled reprints (Class A);

B. Certain manuscripts and notes, finished or not, but unpublished (Class B).

NOW, THEREFORE, the parties hereto enter into the following Agreement:

1. The School and the heirs agree that the above listed materials are and shall remain the property of the heirs. No use shall reduce this right of ownership unless it is surrendered in a written agreement signed by the School and the heirs.

2. The School agrees to provide a dry and proper place for the Nachlass as long as they remain in their hands, to notify the heirs, through Ruth Norton Albright or to another whom she shall designate of the monies gained by the disposal of any part or portion of those materials designated as Class A above, and to give all money received, minus a small fee for handling, to the account of the William Foxwell Albright Institute of Archaeological Research, in Jerusalem, to be used toward excavation. Since the money is to remain in the hands of the School, a fee of not more than ten percent (10%) of monies received is agreed upon as just and fair.

The School further agrees to report any such receipt of money for material in Class A, to Ruth Norton Albright each January, before the 15th of that month, so that it may be used as a properly recorded contribution to the William Foxwell Albright Institute of Archaeological Research during the preceding year.

3. In regard to material under Class B the School agrees to open this material solely for inspection and possibly use by the following:

G. Ernest Wright
Frank M. Cross
William L. Moran
David Noel Freedman
Thomas O. Lambdin

and the School will make arrangements for the aforesaid named persons (hereinafter sometimes referred to as "the group" to report to the heirs as to whether there is, in the group's opinion, any suitable material for further studies and investigation. If such material is found the School shall inform the heirs through Ruth Norton Albright as to the Group's recommendation as to how the Class B material should be best handled in the publishing of any future articles or books.

4. The School also agrees to provide the heirs with the Group's general plan under which the original work provided in the materials shall be given due recognition, including an outline of the various ways that full recognition of the work already done by William F. Albright shall be clearly identified, even to the point of showing that his treatment of a subject cannot stand up to later findings, that it has been substantiated by later findings, or otherwise.

5. In the improbable case that a book or books may result from such study, the School agrees that 20% of any royalties shall be sent to the heirs through Ruth Norton Albright.

6. The above shall not prevent the group from using the material for such purposes as the source of material for work by students considered capable of gaining benefit from such use; but the student must be bound by the same terms in such use as the group itself. And the group agrees to notify the heirs, through Ruth Norton Albright, of such use, before the student is allowed to use the material.

7. It is further agreed that two copies of any article or books shall be sent to the heirs, through Ruth Norton Albright.

WHEREFORE, the parties hereto have affixed their hands and seals as of the day first stated above.

THE AMERICAN SCHOOLS OF ORIENTAL RESEARCH, INC.

By

Ruth Norton Albright
Paul Norton Albright
Hugh Norton Albright
Stephen Foxwell Albright
David Foxwell Albright

Container List:

Albright's published writings

bMS 492/1 (1) Partial typescript bibliography of Albright's publications, covering 1941-1946; continuation of Harry Orlinsky's An Indexed Bibliography of the Writings of William Foxwell Albright. (Pamphlet Volume 330 in Andover-Harvard Library.

Books

  • Note: These materials are alphabetized according to English title.
  • bMS 492/1 (2) Archaeology and the Religion of Israel (5th ed.; Garden City: Doubleday, 1968).
  • bMS 492/1 (3) Duplicate of bMS 492/1 (2).
  • bMS 492/1 (4) Die Religion Israels im Lichte der archaeologischen Ausgrabungen (Munich: Reinhardt, 1956), translation of Archaeology and the Religion of Israel.
  • bMS 492/1 (5) Duplicate of bMS 492/1 (4).
  • bMS 492/1 (6) L'archaeologie de la Palestine (Paris: Cerf, 1955), translation of Archaeology of Palestine.
  • bMS 492/1 (7) Palestinas arkeologi (Oskarshamn, Sweden: Anckers, 1959), Swedish translation of Archaeology of Palestine.
  • bMS 492/1 (8) Oude volken en culturen in het Heilige Land (Utrecht: Aula, 1960), Dutch translation of Archeology of Palestine.
  • bMS 492/2 (1) Archaeologie in Palestina (Einsiedeln: Benziger, 1962), German translation of Archaeology of Palestine.
  • bMS 492/2 (2) Duplicate of bMS 492/2 (1).
  • bMS 492/2 (3) Archeologia Palestyny (Warsaw: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1964), Polish translation of Archaeology of Palestine.
  • bMS 492/2 (4) H'rky'wlwgyh sl 'rs-ysr'l (Tel Aviv: Am Oved, date?), modern Hebrew translation of Archaeology of Israel.
  • bMS 492/2 (5) Duplicate of bMS 492/2 (4), dated 1965.
  • bMS 492/3 (1) The Bible in the Ancient Near East (Garden City: Doubleday, 1965), Festschrift for Albright, edited by G. Ernest Wright; includes "The Role of the Canaanites in the History of Civilization," by Albright, which is the same as bMS 492/6 (15). Also included is a bibliography of Albright's work from 1911-May, 1958.
  • bMS 492/3 (2) Duplicate of bMS 492/3 (1).
  • bMS 492/3 (3) Japanese translation of The Biblical Period from Abraham to Ezra (Tokyo: Shinkyo Shuppansha, 1965).
  • bMS 492/3 (4) Duplicate of bMS 492/3 (3).
  • bMS 492/3 (5) From the Stone Age to Christianity (2nd ed.; Garden City: Doubleday, 1957).
  • bMS 492/3 (6) Duplicate of bMS 492/3 (7).
  • bMS 492/3 (7) Von der Steinzeit zum Christentum 9Bern: Francke, 1949), German translation of From Stone Age to Christianity.
  • bMS 492/3 (8) Duplicate of bMS 492/3 (7).
  • bMS 492/4 (1) Fraan stenaaldern till kristendomen (Stockholm: Aahlen and Aakerlunds, 1959), Swedish translation of From Stone Age to Christianity.
  • bMS 492/4 (2) Duplicate of bMS 492/4 (1).
  • bMS 492/4 (3) De la edad de piedra al Christianismo (Santander, Spain: Sal Terrae, 1959), Spanish translation of From Stone Age to Christianity.
  • bMS 492/4 (4) Duplicate of bMS 492/4 (3).

Published articles

Note: JBL = Journal of Biblical Literature, BASOR = Bulletin of the American Society of Oriental Research, JAOS = Journal of the American Oriental Society, HTR = Harvard Theological Review. Files are arranged in alphabetical order according to title of article.

  • bMS 492/4 (5) "Abram the Hebrew--A New Archeological Interpretation," BASOR, No. 163, October, 1961.
  • bMS 492/4 (6) "An Anthropoid Clay Coffin from Sahab in Transjordan," American Journal of Archeology, XXXVI, 3, 1932.
  • bMS 492/4 (7) "Archeological Discovery and the Scriptures," Christianity Today, XII, 19, June 21, 1968.
  • bMS 492/4 (8) "Archeological Excavations and the Bible," Scopus (a publication of Hebrew University), VIII, 1, April, 1954.
  • bMS 492/4 (9) "Archeology and Religion," Cross Currents, date?
  • bMS 492/5 (1) "The Babylonian Sage Ut-Napisti Ruqu," JAOS, XXXVIII, 1918.
  • bMS 492/5 (2) "The Beth-Shemesh Tablet in Alphabetic Cuneiform," BASOR, No. 173, February, 1964.
  • bMS 492/5 (3) "The Bible After Twenty Years of Archeology (1932-1952)," Religion in Life, XXI, 4, 1952.
  • bMS 492/5 (4) "Books Received by the Editor," BASOR, No. 129, February, 1953.
  • bMS 492/5 (5) "The Chaldean Conquest of Judah. A Rejoinder," JBL, LI, 4, 1932.
  • bMS 492/5 (6) "Chronology of a South Palestinian City, Tell El-Ajjul," American Journal of Semitic Language and Literature, LV, 4, October, 1938.
  • bMS 492/5 (7) "Chronology of Ancient South Arabia in the Light of the First Campaign of Excavations in Qataban," BASOR, No. 119, October 1950.
  • bMS 492/5 (8) "Chronology of Middle Bronze I (Early Bronze-Middle Bronze)," BASOR, NO. 168, December, 1962.
  • bMS 492/5 (9) "Chronology of the Minaean Kings of Arabia," BASOR, No. 129, February 1953.
  • bMS 492/5 (10) "Continuing Revolution in Biblical Research," by Albright and David N. Freedman, Journal of Bible and Religion, XXXI, 2, April, 1963.
  • bMS 492/5 (11) "Dead-Sea Scrolls," The American Scholar, XXII, 1, Winter, 1952-1953.
  • bMS 492/5 (12) "Dwarf Craftsmen in the Keret Epic and Elsewhere in NW-Semitic Mythology" (in modern Hebrew), Eretz-Israel, III, 1953.
  • bMS 492/5 (13) "Eighteenth Century Princes of Byblos and Chronology of Middle Bronze," BASOR, No. 176, December, 1964.
  • bMS 492/5 (14) "Eighth Campaign of Sargon," JAOS, XXXVI, 1916.
  • bMS 492/5 (15) "Elimination of King `So,'" BASOR, No. 171, October, 1963.
  • bMS 492/5 (16) "End of the Inscription of the Ahiram Sarcophagus," Journal of Palestine Oriental Society, VII, 1927.
  • bMS 492/5 (17) "Exploring Sinai with the University of California African Expedition," BASOR, No. 109, February, 1948.
  • bMS 492/5 (18) "Further Light on the History of Middle-Bronze Byblos," including pageproofs and corrections, BASOR, No. 179, October 1965.
  • bMS 492/5 (19) "Further Observations on Chronology of the Early Second Millennium B.C.," BASOR, NO. 127, October, 1952.
  • bMS 492/5 (20) "Hebrew Nippa el in the Light of Comparative Philology," Jewish Quarterly Review, date?
  • bMS 492/5 (21) "Home of Balaam," "Conclusion of Esarhaddon's Broken Prism," and "Some Unexplained Cuneiform Words," JAOS, XXXV, 1917.
  • bMS 492/5 (22) "An Incised Representation of the Stag from Tell El-Oreimeh," Journal of Palestine Oriental Society, VI, 1926.
  • bMS 492/5 (23) "Islam and the Religions of the Ancient Orient," JAOS, LX, 3.
  • bMS 492/5 (24) "Jethro, Hobab, and Reuel in Early Hebrew Tradition (With Some Comments on Origin of `JE')" Catholic Biblical Quarterly, XXV, 1, 1963.
  • bMS 492/5 (25) "Late Bronze Town at Modern Djett," BASOR, No. 104, December, 1946.
  • bMS 492/5 (26) "Location of the Garden of Eden." American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, XXXIX, 1, October, 1922.
  • bMS 492/5 (27) "More Books and Journals Received from Abroad," BASOR, No. 103, October, 1946.
  • bMS 492/5 (28) "Name of Bildad the Shuhite," American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures, XLIV, 1, October, 1927.
  • bMS 492/5 (29) "Names `Nazoreth' and `Nazorean'," JBL, LXV, 4, 1946, in response to J. Spencer Kennard, "Was Capernaum the Home of Jesus?" JBL, LXV, 1946.
  • bMS 492/5 (30) "The Names Shaddai and Abram," JBL, LIV, 4, 1935.
  • bMS 492/5 (31) "Nebuchadnezzar and Neriglissar Chronicles," BASOR, No. 143, October, 1956.
  • bMS 492/5 (32) "New Light on Magan and Melaha," JAOS, XLII, 1922.
  • bMS 492/5 (33) "New Material for the Egyptian Syllabic Orthography," by Albright and Thomas O. Lambdin, Journal of Semitic studies, II, 2, April, 1957.
  • bMS 492/5 (34) "Northwest-Semitic Names in a List of Egyptian Slaves from the Eighteenth Century B.C.," JAOS, LXXIV, 4, October-December, 1954.
  • bMS 492/5 (35) "Northwest-Semitic Tongues Before 1000 B.C.," XIX Congresso Internazionale degli Orientalisti, Rome? 1938?
  • bMS 492/5 (36) "A Note on Early Sabaean Chronology," BASOR, No. 143, October, 1956.
  • bMS 492/5 (37) "A Note on the Name of the Forger of the Moabite Antiquities," Jewish Quarterly Review, XXXVI, 1945-1946.
  • bMS 492/5 (38) "On The Early South-Arabic Inscription in Vertical Columns," BASOR, No. 138, April, 1955.
  • bMS 492/5 (39) "One Aphek or Four?" Journal of Palestine Oriental Society, II, 1922.
  • bMS 492/5 (40) "Oracles of Balaam," JBL, LXIII, 3, 1944.
  • bMS 492/5 (41) "Original Account of the Fall of Samaria in II Kings," BASOR, NO. 174, April, 1964.
  • bMS 492/6 (1) "The Phenomenon of Israeli Archeology," in James A. Sanders, ed., Near Eastern Archeology in the 20th Century: Essays in Honor of Nelson Glueck (Garden City: Doubleday, 1970).
  • bMS 492/6 (2) "Philological Method in the Identification of Anatolian Place-Names," Journal of Egyptian Archeology, XI, 1 and 2, April, 1925.
  • bMS 492/6 (3) "The Phoenician Inscriptions of the Tenth Century B.C. from Byblos," JAOS, LXVII, 3, July-September, 1947.
  • bMS 492/6 (4) "Recent Advances in Palestinian Archeology," Expedition: Bulletin of the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, V, 1, Fall, 1962.
  • bMS 492/6 (5) "Recent Progress in Palestinian Archeology: Samaria-Sebaste III and Hazor I," BASOR, No. 150, April, 1958.
  • bMS 492/6 (6) "Reconsidering the Reconstruction of Solomon's Temple," by Paul Leslie Garber, and reply by Albright and George Ernest Wright, JBL, LXXVII, 2, 1958.
  • bMS 492/6 (7) "Remarks on the Chronology of Early Bronze Iv-Middle Bronze IIA in Phoenicia and Syria-Palestine," BASOR, No. 184, December, 1966.
  • bMS 492/6 (8) "Report of Excavations in Near and Middle East (Outside Palestine and Syria)," BASOR, NO. 161, February, 1961.
  • bMS 492/6 (9) "Reports of Excavations..." (continuation of bMS 492/6 (8), BASOR, No. 163, October, 1961.
  • bMS 492/6 (10) "Reports on Excavations in Near and Middle East," BASOR, NO. 158, April, 1960.
  • bMS 492/6 (11) "Reports on Excavations in the Near and Middle East (Continued)," BASOR, No. 159, October, 1960.
  • bMS 492/6 (12) "Retrospect and Prospect in New Testament Archeology," in The Teacher's Yoke: Studies in Memory of Henry Trantham (Waco, Texas: Baylor, 1964).
  • bMS 492/6 (13) "A Revision of Early Assyrian and Middle Bablonian Chronology," Revue d'assyriologie et d'archeologie orientale, XVIII, 11, 1921.
  • bMS 492/6 (14) "Rib-Adda of Byblos and the Affairs of Tyre (EA 89)," by Albright and William L. Moran, S.J., Journal of Cuneiform Studies, IV, 3.
  • bMS 492/6 (15) "Role of the Canaanites in the history of Civilization," Bobbs-Merrill reprint in European History, from Studies in the History of Culture, "Waldo H. Leland Volume" (Menasha, Wisconsin: George Banta, 1942). This essay is the same as bMS 492/3 (1) and (2).
  • bMS 492/6 (16) "A Set of Egyptian Playing Pieces and Dice from Palestine," Mizraim, I, 1933.
  • bMS 492/6 (17) "Smaller Beth-Shan Stele of Sethos I (1309-1290 B.C.)," BASOR, No. 102, April, 1946.
  • bMS 492/6 (18) "Some Books and Journals Received from Abroad," including special review of Nelson Glueck, The River Jordan, BASOR, No. 102, April, 1946.
  • bMS 492/6 (19) "Some Books on Ancient Near Eastern Archeology and Art," BASOR, No. 171, October, 1963.
  • bMS 492/6 (20) "Some Books on Early Arabian Archeology and Epigraphy, with a Retraction and Apology to Professor G. Ryckmans," BASOR, No. 176, December, 1964.
  • bMS 492/6 (21) "Some Books on the History and Archeology of Palestine and Syria," BASOR, No. 156, December, 1959.
  • bMS 492/6 (22) "Some Books on History and Civilization of NE in Second Millennium B.C.," BASOR, No. 164, December, 1961.
  • bMS 492/6 (23) "Some Books Received by the Editor," BASOR, Nos. 142, 143, 144, April, October and December, 1956.
  • bMS 492/6 (24) "Some Comments on the Amman Citadel Inscription," BASOR, No. 198, April, 1970.
  • bMS 492/6 (25) "Some Recent Archeological Publications," BASOR, NO. 178, April, 1965.
  • bMS 492/6 (26) "Some Important Recent Discoveries: Alphabetic Origins and the Idrimi Statue," BASOR, NO. 118, April, 1950.
  • bMS 492/6 (27) "Some Publications Received by the Editor," BASOR, No. 99, October, 1945.
  • bMS 492/6 (28) "Some Recent Archeological Publications," BASOR, No. 180, December, 1965.
  • bMS 492/6 (29) "Some Recent Books on Biblical Geography, Archeology, History and Literature," BASOR, Nos. 153 and 155, February and October, 1959.
  • bMS 492/6 (30) "Some Recent Publications," BASOR, No. 132, December 1953.
  • bMS 492/6 (31) "Some Recently Received Books," BASOR, No. 151, October, 1958.
  • bMS 492/6 (32) "Some Recently Received Books about the Dead Sea Scrolls," BASOR, No. 166, April, 1962.
  • bMS 492/6 (33) "Some Remarks on the Archeological Chronology of Palestine Before About 1500 B.C.," reprint from Robert W. Ehrich, Chronologies in Old World Archeology (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1966).
  • bMS 492/6 (34) "Some Remarks on the Song of Moses in Dt 32," Vetus Testamentum, IX, 4, 1959.
  • bMS 492/6 (35) "Some Suggestions for the Decipherment of the Proto-Sinaitic Inscriptions," Journal of Palestine Oriental Society, XV, 1935.
  • bMS 492/6 (36) "Specimens of Late Ugaritic Prose," BASOR, No. 150, April 1958.
  • bMS 492/6 (37) "Stratigraphic Confirmation of the Low Mesopotamian Chronology," BASOR, No. 144, December, 1956.
  • bMS 492/6 (38) "A Survey of the Archeological Chronology of Palestine from Neolithic to Middle Bronze," reprint from Robert W. Ehrich, Relative Chronologies in Old World Archeology (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1954).
  • bMS 492/7 (1) "The Third Campaign at Tell Beit Mirsim," from an unidentified German journal.
  • bMS 492/7 (2) "Toward a More Conservative View," interview in Christianity Today, VII, 8, January 18, 1963.
  • bMS 492/7 (3) "The Town of Selle (Zaru) in the Amarnah Tablets," Journal of Egyptian Archeology, X, 1, April, 1924.
  • bMS 492/7 (4) "Was the Age of Solomon Without Monumental Art?" Eretz-Israel, V, 1958 (Mazar volume).
  • bMS 492/7 (5) "What were the Cherubim?" Biblical Archeologist, I, 1, February, 1938.
  • bMS 492/7 (6) "Zur Chronologie des vorislamischen Arabien, Festschrift for ?.
  • bMS 492/7 (7) "Zabul Yam and Thapit Nahar in the Combat between Baal and the Sea," Journal of Palestine Oriental Society, XVI, 1936.

Published articles in references and encyclopedias

  • bMS 492/7 (8) Cambridge Ancient History, "Evidence of Language," by Albright and Thomas O. Lambdin, separate fascicle, with proof copy.
  • bMS 492/7 (9) Encyclopedia Britannica, "Ezion-Geber" and "Lachish," 1966.
  • bMS 492/7 (10) Historia Mundi, ed. by Fritz Kern, "Syrien, Phoenizien, und Palastina," two proof copies.
  • bMS 492/7 (11) The History of the Jewish People (in modern Hebrew), "Pre-History."

Published lectures

  • bMS 492/7 (12) "Samuel and the Beginnings of the Prophetic Movement," Goldenson Lecture for 1961 at Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati.
  • bMS 492/7 (13) Kessler Foundation Lectures at Wittenberg College, Ohio, 1952, with E.E. Flack's introduction of Albright, published in Wittenberg Bulletin, Hamma Digest Number, November 1952.

Reviews

Note: These folders are arranged in alphabetical order by author of work reviewed. Reviews of Albright's works are at the end of this section.

  • bMS 492/7 (14) Adler, Cyrus, I Have Considered the Days, in Thought, date not given.
  • bMS 492/7 (15) Allis, Oswald T., Five Books of Moses (which argues the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch), in JBL, LXII, 1943.
  • bMS 492/7 (16) Boehl, F.M. Th., King Hammurabi of Babylon in the Setting of His Time, in Bibliotheca Orientalis, V, 5, September, 1948.
  • Note: For Boehl, F.M. Th., Genesis, see bMS 492/8 (11).
  • bMS 492/7 (17) Bultmann, Rudolf, Presence of Eternity, in "Bultmann's History and Eschatology," JBL, LXXVII, 3, 1958.
  • bMS 492/7 (18) Contenau, G., La civilisation phenicienne, in JAOS, XLVIII, 1, 1928.
  • bMS 492/7 (19) Dentan, Robert C., ed., Idea of History in the Ancient Near East, in JAOS, LXXVI, 4, October-December, 1956.
  • bMS 492/7 (20) Diringer, David, The Alphabet: A Key to the History of Mankind, in Modern Language Notes, March, 1949.
  • Note: For Dothan, Trude, et al., En-gedi..., see bMS 492/8 (6).
  • bMS 492/7 (21) Durand, Maurice, Fouilles de Byblos, in "Dunand's New Byblos Volume: A Lycian at the Byblian Court," BASOR, No. 155, October, 1959.
  • Note: For Dunayevsky, I., et al., En-gedi..., see bMS 492/8 (6).
  • For Ebert, Max, ed., Vorgeschichtliches Jahrbuch..., see bMS 492/8 (11).
  • For Eitan, Israel, A Contribution to Biblical Lexicography, see bMS 492/8 (19).
  • bMS 492/7 (22) Ember, Aaron, Egypto-Semitic Studies, in Language, VII, 2, June 1931.
  • Note: For Feuillet, A., ed., Introduction a la Bible, see bMS 492/8 (1).
  • bMS 492/7 (23) Franken, H.J., and Franken-Battershill, C.A., Primer of Old Testament Archeology, in Bibliotheca Orientalis, XXI, 1/2, January-March, 1964.
  • bMS 492/7 (24) Frankfort, Henri, Kingship and the Gods, in "Divine Right in the Ancient East," Jewish Quarterly Review, date?
  • Note: For Gadd, C.J., A Sumerian Reading-Book, see bMS 492/8 (19).
  • bMS 492/7 (25) Galling, Kurt, Biblisches Reallexikon, journal title not given.
  • bMS 492/7 (26) Galling, Kurt, Studien zur Geschichte Israels im persischen Zeitalter, in Bibliotheca Orientalis, XXIII, 5/6, September-November, 1966.
  • bMS 492/7 (27) Goetze, Albrecht, Kleinasien, in American Journal of Archeology, LXV, 1961.
  • Note: For Gooding, D.W., The Accounts of the Tabernacle, see bMS 492/8 (4).
  • bMS 492/7 (28) Gordis, Robert, Biblical Text in the Making: The Study of the Kethib Qere, the review of which is missing here, but included are a reply by Gordis to Albright's negative review, and a further rejoinder by Albright, both in JBL, LVII, 3, 1938.
  • bMS 492/7 (29) Grimme, Hubert, Altsinaitische Forschungen, in Jewish Quarterly Review, date not given.
  • bMS 492/7 (30) Harris, Zellig S., A Grammar of the Phoenician Language, in an unidentified German journal.
  • bMS 492/7 (31) Heidel, Alexander, Babylonian Genesis: The Story of Creation, in JBL, LXII, 1943.
  • bMS 492/7 (32) Hvidberg, Flemming, ed., Studie Orientalia Ioanni Pedersen Septuagenario in JAOS, LXXVI, 4, October-December, 1956.
  • bMS 492/8 (1) Robert, A. and Feuillet, A., ed., Introduction a la Bible, and Taeubler, Eugen, Biblische Studien: Die Epoche der Richter, in Bibliotheca Orientalis, XVII, 5/6, September-November, 1960.
  • bMS 492/8 (2) Kahle, Paul, The Cairo Geniza, in American Journal of Philology, LXXII, 1.
  • bMS 492/8 (3) Koeppel, Robert, S.J., Teleilat Ghassul II: Compte rendu des fouilles de l'Institut Biblique Pontifical 1932-1936, in Biblica, XXVIII, 1947.
  • bMS 492/8 (4) Kuhl, Curt, Die Entstehung des Alten Testaments, and Godding, D.W., The Account of the Tabernacle, in Bibliotheca Orientalis, XXI, 1/2, January-March, 1964.
  • bMS 492/8 (5) Luckenbill, Daniel David, Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, in JAOS, XLVIII, 1.
  • Note: For Mackay, Ernest J.H., and Murray, Margaret A., Ancient Gaza, see bMS 492/8 (12). For Mayer, L.A., and Sukenik, E.L., The Third Wall of Jersualem, see bMS 492/8 (20).
  • bMS 492/8 (6) Mazer, B., Dothan, Trude, and Dunayevsky, I., En-gedi: First and Second Seasons of Excavations, 1961-1962, in Bibliotheca Orientalis, XXV, 1/2, January-March, 1968.
  • bMS 492/8 (7) Metzger, Bruce, List of Words Occurring Frequently in the Coptic New Testament, in Princeton Seminary Bulletin, LVI, 1, October, 1962.
  • bMS 492/8 (8) Mowinckel, Sigmund, Tetrateuch, Pentateuch, Hexateuch, in Bibliotheca Orientalis, XXIII, 5/6, September-November, 1966.
  • bMS 492/8 (9) Mowinckel, Sigmund, Two Sources of the Predeuteronomic Primeval History, the review of which is missing here, but included is a debate between Albright and Mowinckel entitled "The Babylonian Matter in the Predeuteronomic Primeval History (JE) in Gen. 1-11," in JBL, LVIII, 2, 1939, re: Albright's review of Mowinckel's book, which had appeared in JBL, LVII, 2, 1939.
  • Note: For Murray, Margaret A. and Mackay, Ernest J.H., Ancient Gaze, see bMS 492/8 (12).
  • bMS 492/8 (10) North, Robert, S.J., Sociology of the Biblical Jubilee, in Biblica, XXXVII, 1956.
  • bMS 492/8 (11) Pedersen, Johannes, Israel -- Its Life and Culture, Boehl, F.M. Th., Genesis, and Ebert, Max, ed., Vorgeschichtliches Jahrbuch, fuer die Gesellschaft fuer Vorgeschichtliche Forschung, in Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society, V-VI, 1925-26.
  • Note: For Pedersen's Festschrift see bMS 492/7 (32).
  • bMS 492/8 (12) Petrie, W.M. Flinders, City of Shepherd Kings, and Mackay, Ernest J.H., and Murray, Margaret A., Ancient Gaza, Bibliotheca Orientalis, XIII, 3/4, May-July, 1956.
  • bMS 492/8 (13) Phythian-Adams, W.J., The Call of Israel, in Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society, date not given.
  • bMS 492/8 (14) Pritchard, James, Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, in JAOS, LXXI, 4, October-December, 1951.
  • bMS 492/8 (15) Quarterly of the Department of Antiquities in Palestine, I, 1-3, reviewed in Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society, date not given.
  • Note: For Robert, A., et al., Introduction a la Bible see bMS 492/8 (1).
  • bMS 492/8 (16) Ryckmans, Jacques, L'institution monarchique en Arabe Meridionale avant l'Islam, in JAOS, LXXIII, 1953.
  • bMS 492/8 (17) Schott, Siegfried, and Sethe, Kurt, Vom Bilde zum Buchstaben: Die Entstehungsgeschichte der Schrift, in Language, XVI, 4, October-December, 1940.
  • bMS 492/8 (18) Simons, J., S.J., Handbook for the Study of Egyptian Topographical Lists Relating to Western Asia, from an unidentified German journal.
  • bMS 492/8 (19) Simpson, D.C., Pentateuchal Criticism, Eitan, Israel, A Contribution to Biblical Lexicography, and Gadd, C.J., A Sumerian Reading-Book, in Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society, V, 1925.
  • bMS 492/8 (20) Speiser, E.A., Introduction to Hurrian, and Worrell, William H., ed., Coptic Texts in the University of Michigan Collection, in JBL, LXII, 1943.
  • bMS 492/8 (21) Sukenik, E.L. and Mayer, L.A., The Third Wall of Jerusalem, in "Recent Works on the Topography and Archeology of Jerusalem," Jewish Quarterly Review, XXII, 1931-1932.
  • Note: For Taubler, Eugen, Biblische Studien... see bMS 492/8 (1).
  • bMS 492/8 (22) Thieberger, Frederic, King Solomon, in Jewish Social Studies, date not given.
  • bMS 492/8 (23) Thomas, D. Winten, ed., Archeology and Old Testament Study, in Theologische Literaturzeitung, XCV, 10, 1970. Albright's drafts and correspondence re: this review can be found at bMS 492/15 (1).
  • bMS 492/8 (24) Vergote, J., Phonetique historique de l'Egyptien, in JAOS, LXVI, 4, October-December, 1946.
  • bMS 492/8 (25) Voegelin, Eric, Order and History, in Theological Studies, XXII, 2, June 1961.
  • Note: For Worrell, William, ed., Coptic Texts..., see bMS 492/8 (20).
  • bMS 492/8 (26) Weidman, Helmut, Die Patriarchen und ihre Religion im Licht der Forschung seit Julius Wellhausen, in CBQ, XXXII, 1, 1970.
  • bMS 492/8 (27) Weipert, Manfred, Die Landnahme der israelitischen Staemme in der neueren wissenschaftlichen Diskussion, in Bibliotheca Orientalis, XXVII, 1/2, January-March, 1970.
  • bMS 492/8 (28) Winlock, H.E., Temple of Hibis in El Khargeh Oasis, in American Journal of Philology, LXVI, 1.
  • bMS 492/8 (29) Yeivin, Shmuel, A Decade of Archeology in Israel, 1948-1958, in Bibliotheca Orientalis, XXI, 1/2, January-March, 1964.
  • bMS 492/8 (30) Reviews by others of Albright's works (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/8 (31) Reviews by others of Albright's works (folder #2).

Tributes by Albright to individuals

  • bMS 492/8 (32) "Professor Albert T. Clay--An Appreciation," Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society, VI, 1926.
  • bMS 492/8 (33) "Tenney Frank (1876-1939)," Year Book of the American Philosophical Society, 1939.
  • bMS 492/8 (34) "Haupt, Hermann Hugo Paul," proof of biographical article in German, publication not given.
  • bMS 492/8 (35) "Carl H. Kraeling (1897-1966), Year Book of the American Philosophical Society, 1969.
  • bMS 492/8 (36) "Ephraim A. Speiser," BASOR, No. 179, October, 1965.
  • bMS 492/8 (37) "Eliezer ben Yehudah (1858-1922), A Tribute," source not given.

 

Note: The rest of the collection from this point on is restricted to those people who obtain permission from the committee named at the beginning of this register.

  • bMS 492/9 (1) Correspondence, April 14, 1933-October 12, 1939.
  • bMS 492/9 (2) Correspondence, January 20, 1940-May 29, 1943.
  • bMS 492/9 (3) Correspondence, May 20, 1946-October 30, 1963.
  • bMS 492/9 (4) Correspondence, November 4, 1963-December 12, 1963.
  • bMS 492/9 (5) Correspondence, December 13, 1963-March 6, 1964.
  • bMS 492/9 (6) Correspondence, April 27, 1964-April 17, 1965.
  • bMS 492/9 (7) Correspondence, May 11, 1965-January 27, 1966.
  • bMS 492/9 (8) Correspondence, March 16, 1966-May 9, 1966.
  • bMS 492/9 (9) Correspondence, July 8, 1966-December 5, 1966.
  • bMS 492/9 (10) Correspondence, December 16, 1966-May 22, 1967.
  • bMS 492/9 (11) Correspondence, June 1, 1967-January 30, 1968.
  • bMS 492/9 (12) Correspondence, February 9, 1968-September 30, 1968.
  • bMS 492/9 (13) Correspondence, October 2, 1968-October 31, 1969.
  • bMS 492/9 (14) Correspondence, November 10, 1969-August 27, 1970.
  • bMS 492/9 (15) Correspondence, September 15, 1970-May 9, 1972.
  • bMS 492/9 (16) Undated correspondence.
  • bMS 492/9 (17) List of addresses of Albright's correspondents (?).
  • bMS 492/9 (18) Newspaper clippings re: Albright.
  • bMS 492/9 (19) Tribute to Albright by Emanuel Aranjo, University of Brasilia, preface for Um achado incrivel, e outpros assuntos de Arqueologia Biblica.

Material re: publication of books

Note: Albright's notations on his file folders are given verbatim in the descriptions below, placed in quotation marks. Explanations of names and abbreviations are included in parentheses. Files are arranged in alphabetical order according to title of book.

  • bMS 492/9 (20) "ARI (Archeology and the Religion of Israel) I," proofs, chapter 1.
  • bMS 492/9 (21) "ARI I," proofs, continued, and notes, chapter 1.
  • bMS 492/9 (22) "ARI II," proofs, chapter 2.
  • bMS 492/10 (1) "ARI II," notes, chapter 2.
  • bMS 492/10 (2) "ARI III--very little done," proofs, chapter 3.
  • bMS 492/10 (3) "ARI III--very little done," notes.
  • bMS 492/10 (4) "ARI IV," proofs, chapter 4.
  • bMS 492/10 (5) "ARI IV," notes, chapter 4.
  • bMS 492/10 (6) "ARI V," proofs, chapter 5 (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/10 (7) "ARI V," proofs, chapter 5 (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/10 (8) "ARI V," notes, chapter 5.
  • bMS 492/10 (9) "ARI Postscript," proofs, indices and preface.
  • bMS 492/10 (10) "ARI Postscript," preface to new edition and correspondence re: revision of Archeology and the Religion of Israel, 1957-1968.
  • bMS 492/10 (11) "Miscellaneous data for ARI revision."
  • bMS 492/10 (12) Archeology, Historical Analogy, and Early Biblical Tradition, proofs (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/10 (13) Archeology, Historical Analogy..., proofs (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/10 (14) Archeology, Historical Analogy..., proofs (folder #3).
  • bMS 492/10 (15) "Read again before publishing McGraw-Hill I--Material collected toward English revision of FSAC," typescript of part of revision of From Stone Age to Christianity (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/10 (16) "Read again...," (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/10 (17) "Read again...," correspondence re: revision, mostly with Frank Moore Cross.
  • bMS 492/10 (18) "Read again...," Frank Moore Cross's notes for chapter 2 of revision.
  • bMS 492/10 (19) "Read again...," miscellaneous notes.
  • bMS 492/10 (20) History, Archeology, and Christian Humanism, correspondence and notes.
  • bMS 492/10 (21) "Material from preparation of McGraw-Hill, vol. I--to be kept," re: History, Archeology, and Christian Humanism (?).
  • bMS 492/10 (22) "Miscellaneous notes, etc. for possible use in Vol. I of McGraw-Hill," re: History, Archeology... (?).
  • bMS 492/10 (23) History of Palestine and Syria, manuscript outline (book never published?).
  • bMS 492/11 (1) "History of Pal & Syria--(Paul) Geuthner (French book dealer)," typescript draft entitled "Chapter I--Introduction: Methods and Sources."
  • bMS 492/11 (2) "History of Pal & Syria...," typescript draft entitled "Chapter II--Geography of Palestine and Syria."
  • bMS 492/11 (3) "History of Pal & Syria...," miscellaneous papers, including correspondence with Paul Geuthner, French book dealer.
  • bMS 492/11 (4) "History of Pal & Syria...," typescript drafts of bibliography, chapter 7, "The Coastal Plain: Sea Proples and Phoenicians (1200-975 B.C.)," with table of contents of book and bibliography.
  • Note: re: History of Palestine and Syria see also "Palestine and Syria" files in the "topics" section, bMS 492/17 (7)-bMS 492/18 (7). Re: Albright's and C.S. Mann's Anchor Bible Matthew Commentary, see bMS 492/16 (7).

Unpublished material re: journal and Festschrift articles

  • Note: Folders are arranged alphabetically by title of article or, when none is given, by subject matter.
  • bMS 492/11 (5) Exodus--part of typescript of article on Exodus route.
  • bMS 492/11 (6) Exodus--"ZAW (Zeitschrift fuer die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft) article--(Georg) Fohrer; an Exodus route;" re: same article that bMS 492/11 (5) is in regard to (?).
  • bMS 492/11 (7) Galilaeans--"Joint W.F.A. (Albright) and C.S.M. (Mann) article on Galilaeans=Christians;" includes clippings of Shlomo Pines's report on Arabic "Nazorean" document.
  • bMS 492/11 (8) Gibeon--"Article on Gibeon--part of material."
  • bMS 492/11 (9) "Judaism and the Origin of Christianity," typescript of interview with Norman Cantor published in latter's Perspectives of the Past, in file marked, "Norman Cantor--material and carbon, now published, July, 1970."
  • bMS 492/11 (10) Correspondence with Cantor and notes, from "Norman Cantor..." file.
  • bMS 492/11 (11) "More on the `Lachish Prism'," three typescript drafts, published in BASOR (?).
  • bMS 492/11 (12) "On the Use of Analogy by the Historian of Antiquity," in file marked "Analogy paper for (Eric) Voegelin Festschrift, Vol. I, No. 9, on analogy in history, with special reference to (Arnold) Toynbee; to be used in Toynbee article;" correspondence.
  • bMS 492/11 (13) "On the Use of Analogy..., miscellaneous notes (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/11 (14) "On the Use of Analogy...," miscellaneous notes (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/11 (15) "The Phenomenon of Israeli Archeology," in Near Eastern Archeology in the Twentieth Century, Festschrift for Nelson Glueck; correspondence with James A. Sanders, editor. Offprint of article of bMS 492/6 (1).
  • bMS 492/11 (16) "Return to Biblical Theology," in file marked "Material for article for Christian Century," notes and correspondence. Article appeared in November 19, 1958 issue.
  • bMS 492/11 (17) "Sadducees and Samaritans," miscellaneous notes from file marked "Article `Sadducees and Samaritans' for JQR (Jewish Quarterly Review)--incomplete notes," (folder #1). Material re: Joseph Fitzmyer has been removed from this file and placed at bMS 492/15 (27).
  • bMS 492/11 (18) "Sadducees and Samaritans," miscellaneous notes (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/11 (19) "Seals of the Temple Treasury," notes in file marked "Post-exilic period--article `Seals of the Temple Treasury'" for SBL (Society of Biblical Literature), and related stuff."
  • bMS 492/11 (20) "Shiloh article for Israel Exploration Journal," file folder.
  • bMS 492/11 (21) "Material, partial, for Shiloh article for PEQ (sic) IEF (Israel Exploration Journal)."
  • bMS 492/11 (22) "Some Prior Considerations in Writing a Life of Jesus," in file marked "Section on `Prior Considerations in Writing a Life of Jesus'--title to be reconsidered."
  • bMS 492/11 (23) "Some Remarks on the Archeological Chronology of Palestine Before ca. 1500 B.C.," typescript and photocopy of article; an earlier version of bMS 492/6 (33) (?).
  • bMS 492/12 (1) "South-Arabian Studies Today: Some Question," in file marked "Paper to be read--material for chronology of South Arabia." Including typescript of article by Fred Winnett, and other papers including correspondence with Albrecht Goetze and Samuel Kramer.
  • bMS 492/12 (2) South Arabia--"The Results of Recent American Archeological Research in South Arabia," "Observations on the Early History of Pre-Islamic Arabia," and "Frank P. Albright's (no relation) Work in the Zofar Religion of Oman," miscellaneous papers in file marked "S. Arabian paper, unfinished; A.Ph.S. (American Philosophical Society?); report for F.P. Albright on Zofar; report from Shalkop on Heid bin Aqil."

Unpublished material re: articles in references and encyclopedias

  • Note: Folders are organized alphabetically by reference or encyclopedia in which article appeared.
  • bMS 492/12 (3) Abriss der Weltgeschichte: file marked "Material for Oldenbourg (publisher of Abriss)--Arabia," two typescript copies of "Vorislamisches Arabien."
  • bMS 492/12 (4) Abriss: miscellaneous notes and correspondence (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/12 (5) Abriss: miscellaneous notes and correspondence (folder #2).
  • Note: The following five files are a typescript draft of the chapters Albright wrote for Cambridge Ancient History (abbreviated CAH), which he had kept together. A duplicate typescript copy of one chapter can be found below at bMS 492/12 (11). Material for CAH which Albright co-wrote with Thomas O. Lambdin can also be found separately below.
  • bMS 492/12 (6) "The Amarna Letters from Palestine," text.
  • bMS 492/12 (7) "The Amarna Letters from Palestine," notes.
  • bMS 492/12 (8) "Syria, the Philistines, and Phoenicia," text (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/12 (9) "Syria, the Philistines, and Phoenicia," text (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/12 (10) "Syria, the Philistines, and Phoenicia," notes.
  • bMS 492/12 (11) CAH, file marked "Amarna chapter and carbons," duplicate of bMS 492/12 (6) and (7).
  • bMS 492/12 (12) CAH, file marked "Phoenician chapter--my final draft. Used material for bibliogr.," an earlier typescript draft of bMS 492/12 (8), (9), and (10) (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/12 (13) "Phoenician chapter...," (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/12 (14) CAH, file marked "Albright MS CHA Chapter XXXIII Philistines and Phoenicians, etc.," typescript draft of bMS 492/12 (8), (9), and (10).
  • bMS 492/12 (15) CAH, file marked "Material for Philistianes-Pelasgians chapter in CAH-2--also much related matter."
  • bMS 492/12 (16) CAH, correspondence with Alan Wace re: "Ramesses III and the Fall Of Mycenae," by V.P. d'A. Desborough, from "Material for Philistines-Pelasgians..." file.
  • bMS 492/12 (17) CAH, "Evidence of Language," by Albright and Thomas O. Lambdin, typescript draft (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/13 (1) CAH, "Evidence of Language," (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/13 (2) CAH, "Evidence of Language," (folder #3).
  • bMS 492/13 (3) CAH, "Evidence of Language," (folder #4).
  • bMS 492/13 (4) CAH, file marked "Language III-IV--all carbons," typescript duplicate of chaps. III and IV of "Evidence of Language," text.
  • bMS 492/13 (5) CAH, "Language III-IV...," footnotes.
  • bMS 492/13 (6) CAH, "Language III-IV...," miscellaneous papers and notes.
  • bMS 492/13 (7) CAH, file marked "CAH material for languages--Altaic, Hurrian, Elamite, etc., etc.--not yet used." Some material here may be related to similar article for Collier's Yearbook, below at bMS 492/13 (13).
  • bMS 492/13 (8) CAH, file marked "CAH chronology;" list of Egyptian kings from 3100-=1080 B.C., prepared by W.C. Hayes (?).
  • bMS 492/13 (9) CAH, file marked "CAH (C.J.) Gadd and (Thomas) Lambdin's correspondences;" Gadd correspondence only.
  • bMS 492/13 (10) CAH, "CAH Gadd and Lambdin's...," Lambdin correspondence only.
  • bMS 492/13 (11) CAH, "CAH Gadd and Lambdin's...," correspondence with people other than Gadd and Lambdin, and miscellaneous papers.
  • bMS 492/13 (12) CAH, miscellaneous papers.
  • bMS 492/13 (13) "Collier's Yearbook--finished July 1, 1966;" file which includes "A New Translation of the Bible" on the Anchor Bible, and miscellaneous papers and notes.
  • bMS 492/13 (14) Dictionary of Language, file marked "Egyptian and Hamitic for Dictonary of Languages," correspondence with E. Speiser and notes.
  • bMS 492/13 (15) "Encyclopedia Americana 1966," file containing "The Daily Life of Babylonians," "Ashur," "Arsacids," and additions to Albright's older articles on Assyria and Assyriology.
  • bMS 492/13 (16) Encyclopedia Judaica, "Balaam," "Balak," and "Bene-Ammon," plus notes and correspondence.
  • bMS 492/13 (17) "Historia Mundi--carbon of English original--some pp. removed for use," typescript of "Syria, Phoenicia, and Palestine from the Rise of Sedentary Culture to the Achaemenian Conquest.
  • bMS 492/13 (18) Historia Mundi, file marked "Material for revision of Historia Mundi article--to December 31, 1962."
  • bMS 492/13 (19) Holman Bible, file marked "`The Languages of the Bible'--Ed (Stuart Barton) Babbage, Conwell School of Theology, Phila.; part (?)," corrected and final drafts of "The Languages of the Bible," plus correspondence and notes.
  • bMS 492/14 (1) Outline and first page of encyclopedia (?) article, "Near East, Ancient,"

Unpublished material re: lectures

  • Note: These files are alphabetized by name of lecture series, or, if none is given, by title of lecture.
  • bMS 492/14 (2) America-Israel Culture House lecture series, "Debt of Western Civilization to Canaan," May, 1968, in file marked "(Joseph) Ternbach material for revisions," Typescript of lecture, transcript of questions and answers, and correspondence. This lecture is not identical with bMS 492/3 (1) and (2), and 492/6 (15).
  • bMS 492/14 (3) Jordan Lectures, "Penultimate material for my Jordan lectures--Tell el-Ful photos," large file which contained several smaller ones (see below); material in this particular folder marked "To be xeroxed or filed."
  • bMS 492/14 (4) "Penultimate material for Jordan lectures...," file marked "Tell el-Ful pictures."
  • bMS 492/14 (5) "Penultimate material for Jordan lectures...," unmarked file.
  • bMS 492/14 (6) "The Judeo-Christian View of Man," radio lecture delivered in 1954 for a celebration at Columbia University; reprinted in Man's Right to Knowledge, First Series (New York: Columbia 1954), and reprinted again in The Idea of Man(?): transcript and page proofs.
  • bMS 492/14 (7) "The Negev in the History of the Jewish People," lecture delivered at University of the Negev, Beersheba, March 20, 1969. David Ben-Gurion, Yigael Yadin, and Nelson Glueck introduced Albright.
  • bMS 492/14 (8) "Role of a Jewish Palestine in the Rehabilitation of the Near East," at United Palestine Appeal Conference, January 18, 942, excerpts.
  • bMS 492/14 (9) "Some Functions of Organized Minorities," typescript of lecture given at Fifth Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion. Marked "Not for publication."
  • bMS 492/14 (10) "Wimmer lecture 1952 correspondence," file folder.

Unpublished material re: reviews

  • Note: Files are alphabetized by author of work reviewed.
  • bMS 492/14 (11) Hyatt, Philip, ed., Bible in Modern Scholarship, review written for Interpretation, but never published? Typescript of draft and correspondence. Originally filed with bMS 492/15 (1).
  • Note: The following files deal with a review of a work by Jacqueline Pirenne which Albridht intended to write for Gnomon, but apparently never did. A letter in bMS 492/14 (12) to G. Ryckmans, dated February 15, 1965, mentions his decision.
  • bMS 492/14 (12) "Pirenne-(Adolf) Grohmann review," correspondence with Jacques and Gonzaque Ryckmans, Hermann von Wissmann, Albert Jamme, and others.
  • bMS 492/14 (13) "Pirenne-Grohmann review," miscellaneous papers.
  • bMS 492/14 (14) "Pirenne review for Gnomon," file with "Pirenne-Grohmann review" file; correspondence with J. Ryckmans and others.
  • bMS 492/14 (15) "Pirenne review for Gnomon," miscellaneous papers.
  • bMS 492/14 (16) "Pirenne review for Gnomon," offprints of Pirenne's articles (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/14 (17) "Pirenne review for Gnomon," offprints of Pirenne's articles (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/14 (18) "Pirenne review for Gnomon," offprints of J. Ryckman's articles.
  • bMS 492/15 (1) "Reviews of (D.) Winton Thomas (ed.) AOTS (Archeology and Old Testament Study) and The Bible in Mod. Schol. (100th meeting of Society of Biblical Literature, ed. by J. Philip Hyatt)." Review of Hyatt's book alphabetized separately at bMS 492/14 (11); see bMS 492/8 (23) for offprint of review of Thomas's book.

Papers re: Albright's editing of BASOR

  • bMS 492/15 (2) List of offprints of BASOR articles sent out?
  • bMS 492/15 (3) Drafts of memoriae edited by Albright for BASOR?
  • bMS 492/15 (4) "Progress of the Endowment Campaign," draft of report of American School of Oriental Research, by Robert M. Engberg; includes lecture schedule of Nelson Glueck. Published in BASOR, No. 77, February, 1940.
  • bMS 492/15 (5) "BASOR and SS (Supplementary Studies)--unusual material from before summer, 1951," includes correspondence with Nelson Glueck and A.L. Oppenheim.
  • bMS 492/15 (6) "Supplementary Studies etc.; bills from beginning as found(?)," miscellaneous papers, including Solomon Birnbaum's article, "Dead Sea Scrolls and Paleography."
  • bMS 492/15 (7) "Supplementary Studies..." file, correspondence with Solomon Birnbaum, others.
  • bMS 492/15 (8) "S.S. (Supplementary Studies) 2-3 Keret," including correspondence with H.L. Ginsberg, author.
  • bMS 492/15 (9) "Material for paper on Keret" (Folder #1).
  • bMS 492/15 (10) "Material for paper on Keret" (Folder #2).
  • bMS 492/15 (11) "Material for paper on Keret" (Folder #3).
  • bMS 492/15 (12) "Sup. Stud. (Supplementary Studies)," miscellaneous photographs.
  • bMS 492/15 (13) "Pritchard article," photographs from "Sup. Stud." file.

Files re: individuals

  • Note: Albright kept some files on individuals, but most of these files were created in the process of arranging his papers for the present collection. Files are arranged in alphabetical order according to person's name, with Albright's notations on file folders in quotation marks.
  • bMS 492/15 (14) Allegro, John, "Anent(?) the Allegro article in Harper's--Aug., 1966."
  • bMS 492/15 (15) "Albright Alt article," obituary tribute, JBL, LXXV, 1, 1956.
  • bMS 492/15 (16) Amiran, Ruth, "Egyptian sign 'itrt and the Palestinian chalcolithic ossuaries."
  • bMS 492/15 (17) Amiran, Ruth, "Kallner Brandstaetter (Ruth Brandstaetter Kallner)=Amiran (i.e., Ruth Amiran)."
  • bMS 492/15 (18) Anati, Emmanuel, correspondence and notes, including a preliminary report: "The Hazorea Pleistocene Site."
  • bMS 492/15 (19) "(William H.) Brownlee," correspondence and notes.
  • bMS 492/15 (20) Buchanan, George W., "Material on Buchanan's Hebrews," correspondence and notes re: Anchor Bible Commentary on Hebrews.
  • bMS 492/15 (21) Bultmann, Rudolf, "Material for Baltmann article--1963" (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/15 (22) "Material for Bultmann..." (folder #2).
  • Note: For papers re: Norman Cantor, see bMS 492/11 (9)-(10).
  • bMS 492/15 (23) Crawford, O.G.S., editor of Antiquity, correspondence.
  • Note: For papers re: Frank Moore Cross, see bMS 492/14 (3).
  • bMS 492/15 (24) Demsky, Aaron, Correspondence, notes, and article by Demsky, "The Genealogy of Gibeon."
  • bMS 492/15 (25) Detweiler, Henry, material re: memorial tribute which appeared in BASOR, No. 198, April, 1970.
  • bMS 492/15 (26) Edel, Elmar, correspondence and notes.
  • bMS 492/15 (27) Fitzmyer, Joseph, correspondence and notes re: his Anchor Bible Commentary on Luke, from "Sadducees and Samaritans" file, bMS 492/11 (17) and (18).
  • bMS 492/15 (28) "Dr. Giraud Foster, South Arabian items; consult John Young," correspondence and photographs re: friezes from marib.
  • Note: For papers re: John Garstung, see bMS 492/26 (7) and 492/18 (3). For papers re: Georg Gerster, see bMS 492/24 (1).
  • bMS 492/16 (1) Glock, Albert, correspondence and notes.
  • bMS 492/16 (2) "(Albert) Glock MS of `New Ta annek Tablet,' revised."
  • bMS 492/16 (3) Glueck, Nelson, "Material for memorial sketches of Nelson Glueck--BASOR in hands of Delbert, APhS (American Philosophical Society) not yet written."
  • bMS 492/16 (4) "Nelson Glueck, A Hero of Biblical Archeology," tribute by Albright at Hebrew Union College.
  • bMS 492/16 (5) Glueck, Nelson, "Annual Vol. XXV-XXVII--Glueck annual," re: an annual publication of American Schools of Oriental Research. For other papers re: Glueck, see bMS 492/11 (15).
  • Note: For papers re: Albrecht Goetze, see bMS 492/12 (1).
  • bMS 492/16 (6) Gordon, Edmund, correspondence and notes.
  • bMS 492/16 (7) Hallo, William, correspondence and notes re: his "Antediluvian Cities," and Albright's notes on background of Apiru and draft pages of Albright's and Mann's Anchor Bible commentary on Matthew(?).
  • bMS 492/16 (8) Haran, Menahem, correspondence and notes.
  • bMS 492/16 (9) "Carl Herman Kraeling--In Memoriam," typescript for BASOR, No. 198, April, 1970, and other related papers.
  • Note: For papers re: Samuel Kramer, see bMS 492/12 (1).
  • bMS 492/16 (10) Lieberman, Stephen, correspondence and notes, including Lieberman's articles on Mardu in Ur III.
  • Note: For papers re: Charles S. Mann, see bMS 492/20 (10).
  • bMS 492/16 (11) May, Herbert Gordon, Albright's tribute which was read at ceremonial dinner, plus correspondence with Harry Frank.
  • Note: For papers re: George Mendenhall, see bMS 492/27 (5). For papers re: Johannes Munch, see bMS 492/17 (2).
  • bMS 492/16 (12) Oates, Joan, correspondence and notes, plus preliminary reports on Choga Mami and Mandali-Badra.
  • bMS 492/16 (13) (Orlinsky?), Harry, correspondence and notes.
  • Note: For papers re: James Anders, see bMS 492/11 (15). For papers re: Aage Schmidt, see bMS 492/28 (2) and (3).
  • bMS 492/16 (14) "Segall (Berta?)," envelope of photographs of friezes.
  • bMS 492/16 (15) Spiro, Abram, correspondence, December 17, 1964-February 19, 1956.
  • bMS 492/16 (16) Spiro, Abram, correspondence, March 21, 1965-April 26, 1965.
  • bMS 492/16 (17) Spiro, Abram, correspondence, June 1, 1965-July 22, 1965.
  • bMS 492/16 (18) Spiro, Abram, correspondence, August 6, 1965-October 11, 1965.
  • bMS 492/17 (1) Spiro, Abram, correspondence, October 18-December 9, 1965.
  • bMS 492/17 (2) Spiro, Abram, "1966-67 last Spiro correspondence," includes many references to the editing of Johannes Munch's Anchor Bible commentary on Acts, and correspondence, December 14, 1965-April 18, 1966.
  • bMS 492/17 (3) Spiro, Abram, "1966-67...correspondence," May 3, 1966-March 25, 1968.
  • Note: For other papers re: Abram Spiro see bMS 492/20 (11)-(12) and 492/21 (2)-(3).
  • bMS 492/17 (4) Stigers, Harold, correspondence and notes.
  • bMS 492/17 (5) Tillich, Paul, material re: article by Albright on Tillich.
  • Note: For papers re: Arnold Toynbee see bMS 492/11 (12)-(14).
  • bMS 492/17 (6) Vardaman, Jerry, correspondence, with pictures and diagrams.
  • Note: For papers re: Eric Voegelin see bMS 492/11 (12)-(14).

Files on various topics

Palestine and Syria
  • bMS 492/17 (7) "Miscellaneous material for newer History of Palestine and Syria" (folder #1). See also bMS 492/10 (23)-492/11 (4).
  • bMS 492/17 (8) "Miscellaneous material...newer..." (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/17 (9) "Miscellaneous material...newer..." (folder #3).
  • bMS 492/17 (10) "Miscellaneous material...newer..." (folder #4).
  • bMS 492/17 (11) "Miscellaneous material for History of Palestine and Syria--older" (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/17 (12) "Miscellaneous material...older" (folder #2).
  • Note: The following nine folders were all contained in a large file marked, "Topography of Palestine."
  • bMS 492/17 (13) "Topography of Central Palestine--Benjamin, Ephraim, Dan."
  • bMS 492/17 (14) "Topography of Syria and Har(?).
  • bMS 492/17 (15) "Topography of Northern Palestine--revise contents."
  • bMS 492/17 (16) "Topography of Syria."
  • bMS 492/17 (17) "Topography of Southern Palestine--Judah" (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/17 (18) "Topography...Judah" (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/17 (19) "Newer topographical data on Palestine--note sorted (?)," including "Preliminary Report of Work on the Archeological Survey of Palestine in the summer of 1930," from file marked "Topography of Palestine."
  • bMS 492/18 (1) Notebooks from "Topography of Palestine" file (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/18 (2) Notebooks from "Topography of Palestine" file (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/18 (3) "AJA (American Journal of Archeology) Archeology in Palestine and Syria 1935," correspondence and notes re: article in above journal, XL, 1936. Includes correspondence with John Garstung. (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/18 (4) "AJA...1935" file (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/18 (5) "Topography of Palestine and Syria--including my notebooks."
  • bMS 492/18 (6) "Notes, descriptions and observations on Palestinian archeology 1926-1930."
  • bMS 492/18 (7) "Archeology of Palestine and Syria--miscellaneous."
Egypt
  • bMS 492/18 (8) "Egyptian," notes (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/18 (9) "Egyptian," notes (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/18 (10) "Egypto-Semitic Philology" (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/18 (11) "Egypto-Semitic Philology" (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/18 (12) "Egyptian loans (loan words) from Semitic and converse--Paper...(?)...Bauer ZS."
  • bMS 492/18 (13) "Egyptian, Oct. 24, 1916," notebook.
  • bMS 492/19 (1) Loose papers from previous notebook, bMS 492/18 (13).
  • bMS 492/19 (2) "Egyptian--April, 1918," notebook.
  • bMS 492/19 (3) "Coptic--Egyptian--Coptic etymological dictionary," notebook.
  • bMS 492/19 (4) "New Egyptian," notes.
  • bMS 492/19 (5) File on ancient Egyptian chronology, with article by Hans Suess and correspondence with Ruth Amiran.
Dead Sea Scrolls
  • bMS 492/19 (6) "Shapira(?) Deuteronomy fragments and (Menachem) Mansoor's material."
  • bMS 492/19 (7) "Mansoor with slide--answered April 13, 1957," slide and news release, from "Shapira Deuteronomy fragments..." file.
  • bMS 492/19 (8) Correspondence, July, 1937-March, 1949.
  • bMS 492/19 (9) Correspondence, April-June, 1949.
  • bMS 492/19 (10) Correspondence, July-August, 1949.
  • bMS 492/19 (11) Correspondence, September-November, 1949.
  • bMS 492/19 (12) Correspondence, December, 1949-August, 1957, plus undated correspondence.
  • bMS 492/19 (13) Photographs and diagrams (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/19 (14) Photographs and diagrams (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/20 (1) "Brief address for the `Eternal Light' program," by Albright, April 3, 1949, typescript.
  • bMS 492/20 (2) "Dead Sea Scroll Number Four and the Lost Apocryphal Book of Lamech," by John C. Trever, typescript with letter.
  • bMS 492/20 (3) News releases re: Dead Sea Scrolls.
  • bMS 492/20 (4) Newspaper clippings re: Dead Sea Scrolls (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/20 (5) Newspaper clippings re: Dead Sea Scrolls (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/20 (6) Miscellaneous papers re: Dead Sea Scrolls.
Samaritans
  • bMS 492/20 (7) John Bowman's articles from file marked "Reprints and xerox copies of material useful for Samaritans" (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/20 (8) John Bowman's articles from "Reprints...Samaritans" file (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/20 (9) John Bowman's articles from "Reprints...Samaritans" file (folder #3).
  • bMS 492/20 (10) Charles S. Mann's articles in "Reprints...Samaritans" file.
  • bMS 492/20 (11) Abram Spiro's articles in "Reprints...Samaritans" file (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/20 (12) Abram Spiro's articles in "Reprints...Samaritans" file (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/20 (13) Miscellaneous material from "Reprints...Samaritans" file (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/20 (14) Miscellaneous material from "Reprints...Samaritans" file (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/21 (1) Miscellaneous material from "Reprints...Samaritans" file (folder #3).
  • bMS 492/21 (2) Abram Spiro's article "Samaritan Role in the Formation of the New Testament," typescript; slightly different version of bMS 492/21 (3).
  • bMS 492/21 (3) Abram Spiro's article "Samaritan Role in the Formation of the New Testament," version sent to Henry Cadbury with cover letter, in file marked, "Spiro's paper for AOS (American Oriental Society) April, 1965, with notes. I don't seem to have copy of my own." Slightly different version of bMS 492/21 (2).
Tell el-Ful
  • bMS 492/21 (4) Excavation notebook, 1933.
  • bMS 492/21 (5) Unmarked notebook from Tell el-Ful files.
  • Note: Files bMS 492/21 (6)-(13) all contain envelopes of drawings of jars, etc. The notations on the envelopes are given below.
  • bMS 492/21 (6) "Tell el-Ful 1933 H; drawn (Hebrew aleph)."
  • bMS 492/21 (7) "Tell el-Ful 1933 I (Iron?) II ring burnished bowls and plates drawn (Hebrew bet)."
  • bMS 492/21 (8) "Tell el-Ful 1933 Iron I cooking pots--stance(?) sometimes doubtful; one bowl; drawn (Hebrew gimel)."
  • bMS 492/21 (9) "Tell el-Ful 1933 I (Iron?) I pithoi; drawn (Hebrew dalet)."
  • bMS 492/21 (10) "Tell el-Ful 1933--H misc. jar(?) Iron II misc. drawn (Hebrew he)."
  • bMS 492/21 (11) "Tell el-Ful 1933--H misc. jug rims and other misc. H; drawn (Hebrew waw)."
  • bMS 492/21 (12) "Tell el-Ful 1933--H misc.--drawn (Hebrew zayin)."
  • bMS 492/21 (13) "Tell el-Ful 1933; not used misc."
  • bMS 492/21 (14) Negatives from box marked, "Gibeah--American School of Archeology."
  • bMS 492/21 (15) Glass negative from "Gibeah..." box (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/21 (16) Glass negative from "Gibeah..." box (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/21 (17) Unmarked negatives (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/21 (18) Unmarked photographs and negatives (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/21 (19) Photographs.
  • bMS 492/22 (1) "Old Tell el-Ful plates 1923," maps and drawings.
Beth-Shan (=Beisan)
  • Note: All of the following files were contained in one large envelope marked, "Bethshan material from Alan Rowe."
  • bMS 492/22 (2) Two typescript papers by Rowe re: Beth-Shan.
  • bMS 492/22 (3) "Bethshan--Rowe: Temple of Ashteroth Illustrated London News, et.," miscellaneous papers including photographs.
  • bMS 492/22 (4) Miscellaneous papers (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/22 (5) Miscellaneous papers (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/22 (6) Miscellaneous papers (folder #3).
  • bMS 492/22 (7) "Photos of Beisan excavation from Rowe--have removed 1928 pottery photos, 1 shelf(?)" papers plus two excavation reports.
  • bMS 492/22 (8) "Photos of Beisan excavation...," photographs (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/22 (9) "Photos of Beisan excavation...," photographs (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/22 (10) "Photos of Beisan excavation...," photographically produced diagrams.
  • bMS 492/22 (11) "Photos Schmidt of Beisan pottery," envelope from "Photos of Beisan excavation..." envelope.
Indus Valley Script
  • Note: This material was collected in Albright's files under the heading, Decipherment of Indus Valley Script by Finns and Russians and correspondence with Indians and Finns.
  • bMS 492/22 (12) Correspondence.
  • bMS 492/22 (13) Envelope marked, "Indus Valley Script--B.B. Lal and/or S.K. Ray," miscellaneous papers.
  • bMS 492/22 (14) "Indus Valley Script..." envelope, offprints and periodicals (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/22 (15) "Indus Valley Script..." envelope, offprints and periodicals (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/23 (1) "Offprints and periodicals loose in "Decipherment of Indus Valley Script..." file (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/23 (2) "Offprints and periodicals loose in "Decipherment..." file (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/23 (3) "Offprints and periodicals loose in "Decipherment..." file (folder #3).
  • bMS 492/23 (4) Miscellaneous papers
History of alphabet, especially re: Proto-Sinaitic
  • bMS 492/23 (5) File marked "Proto-Sinaitic" (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/23 (6) "Proto-Sinaitic" (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/23 (7) "Proto-Sinaitic" (folder #3).
  • bMS 492/23 (8) File marked "material for Proto-Sinaitic article," correspondence.
  • bMS 492/23 (9) "The Origin and Early Evolution of the Alphabet," by Frank Moore Cross, typescript article from "Material... Proto-Sinaitic..." file.
  • bMS 492/23 (10) "Material...Proto-Sinaitic...," photographs, illustrations, and miscellaneous notes.
  • bMS 492/23 (11) File marked "Early alphabetic inscriptions--paper for PAPS (Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society?)--Scientific American," correspondence.
  • bMS 492/23 (12) "The Origin of the Alphabet," typescript of Albright's article, from "Early alphabetic inscriptions..." file.
  • bMS 492/23 (13) "Les inscriptions du Sinai et l'evolution de l'alphabet," two typescript versions of article by Albright, from "Early alphabetic inscriptions..." file.
  • bMS 492/23 (14) "Early alphabetic inscriptions..." file, miscellaneous papers (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/23 (15) "Early alphabetic inscriptions..." file, miscellaneous papers (folder 2).
  • bMS 492/23 (16) "Early alphabetic inscriptions..." file, miscellaneous papers (folder 3).
  • bMS 492/23 (17) File marked "Negatives and photographs from Burton's(?) publication," including Albright's "The Early Alphabetic Inscriptions from Sinai and their Decipherment," offprint from BASOR, No. 110, April 1948, and correspondence re: reprinting it in HTR.
  • bMS 492/24 (1) File marked "(Georg) Gerster; Proto-Sinaitic materials; (J.) Leibovitch correspondence and papers," including typescript statement for publication re: Albright's changing position on Proto-Sinaitic.
  • bMS 492/24 (2) Lachish prism--(Olga) Tufnell correspondence."
  • bMS 492/24 (3) "Correspondence with Frank Cross 1954-1964 on alphabetical problems."
  • bMS 492/24 (4) "Proto-Sinaitic--finished Sept. 18, 1964; carbon."
  • bMS 492/24 (5) "Cain Museum and annotated Leibovitch chart."
  • bMS 492/24 (6) "Proto-Sinaitic drawings--pencil only."
  • bMS 492/24 (7) Unmarked file containing drawings and tables of Proto-Sinaitic alphabet.
  • bMS 492/24 (8) Drawings of Proto-Sinaitic inscriptions (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/24 (9) Drawings of Proto-Sinaitic inscriptions (folder #2).

Files on miscellaneous topics

  • Note: These files are alphabetized by topic, which is listed first.
  • bMS 492/24 (10) "Ader drawings--pottery." See also Ader material with Petra files, bMS 492/27 (2).
  • bMS 492/24 (11) Amorites: "Amurru and Amorites--mostly superseded."
  • bMS 492/24 (12) Apiru: "Donkey caravaneering; also on Apiru and their activities; to March 1971."
  • bMS 492/24 (13) "Aqhat curses--paqhitu in Aqhat."
  • bMS 492/24 (14) Arabia: material re: Arabian excavations, including correspondence with George Cameron, Berta Segall, and Charles Inge (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/24 (15) Arabia: material re: Arabian excavations... (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/24 (16) Arabia: "Notes on Arabian history, etc., since April, 1951; also Hadmmant(?)" (folder #1).
  • bMS 492/24 (17) Arabia: "Notes on Arabian history..." (folder #2).
  • bMS 492/25 (1) Arabia: "Miscellaneous S.A. (South Arabic), including alphabet," including letter from Edward Ullendorff.
  • bMS 492/25 (2) Aramaic: "Use of original Aramaic names in the Syriac Bible," including correspondence with Joseph Fitzmyer and John Strugnell.
  • bMS 492/25 (3) Archeology: "Account(?) excavation for AJA (American Journal of Archeology) 1934--Important material on excavations partly unused--RS!"
  • bMS 492/25 (4) Archeology: "AJA (American Journal of Archeology

W.F. Albright, in full William Foxwell Albright, (born May 24, 1891, Coquimbo, Chile—died Sept. 19, 1971, Baltimore, Md., U.S.), American biblical archaeologist and Middle Eastern scholar, noted especially for his excavations of biblical sites.

The son of American Methodist missionaries living abroad, Albright came with his family to the United States in 1903. He obtained his doctorate in Semitic languages at Johns Hopkins University. While there he studied under Paul Haupt, whom he succeeded in 1929 as W.W. Spence professor of Semitic languages, a position he held until his retirement in 1958.

Appointed fellow of the American School of Oriental Research, Jerusalem, in 1919, Albright served as the school’s director for 12 years (1920–29, 1933–36). Among his excavations were Gibeah of Saul, Tell Beit Mirsim (Kirjath-Sepher), and, in association with others, Beth-zur and Bethel in Palestine and Baluah, and Petra in Jordan. In 1950–51 he was chief archaeologist of excavations made by the American Foundation for the Study of Man at Wadi Bayhan (Beihan), Hajar Bin Humaid, and Timna in Arabia. Albright early stressed the value of archaeology and of topographical and linguistic studies for biblical history and in making pottery and potsherd identification a reliable scientific tool.

Albright’s scientific writings greatly influenced the development of biblical and related Middle Eastern scholarship and include TheArchaeology of Palestine and the Bible (1932–35), The Vocalization of the Egyptian Syllabic Orthography (1934), The Excavation of Tell Beit Mirsim (1932–43), From the Stone Age to Christianity (1940–46), Archaeology and the Religion of Israel (1942–46), and The Bible and the Ancient Near East (1961).

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