Essay/Term paper: The pyramids of egypt
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The Pyramids of Egypt
On the rocky plateau of Giza, rise three great pyramids, each built
during the lifetime of a pharaoh. Together, these pyramids constitute the most
celebrated group of monuments in the world. While the pyramids at Giza were
built in the Fourth Dynasty (2615-2500 BC), the first pyramid was actually built
in Saqqara during the reign of King Zoser of the Third Dynasty. This first
pyramid was a step pyramid meaning that the sides were not filled to make an
Egypt, like no other land, has drawn historians, theologists and
scientists to study the pyramids. The historians are still coming up with new
theories about why they were built and who built them. There are many mysteries
about the pyramids that are waiting to be unlocked.
The pyramids were not built in isolation but as part of a larger complex
dedicated to the dead. The Egyptians believed that the physical body has a
vital spiritual force, which they called ka. If the physical body was properly
preserved and the tomb furnished with all the various objects of regular life,
the ka could return and continue its life despite the death of the physical body.
The Egyptians also had other means of burial practices. Many of the
pharaohs were buried in hidden temples. A famous discovery is the one of King
King Cheops of the Fourth Dynasty chose a plateau in Giza for his
pyramid. He followed his father's constructions which was the first real
The pyramid of Cheops was also known as the Great Pyramid. One hundred
thousand Egyptians worked on it for twenty years before it was completed. It
was the largest tomb-pyramid ever built. It was said that if the pyramid was
taken apart, the stones could build a wall ten feet tall and one foot wide all
around the entire county of France. The Great Pyramid was made of granite and
limestone. Two late kings of the Fourth Dynasty, Cephren and Mycerinus,
followed Cheops's example by building their pyramids on the same plateau.
The interior of the pyramid is mostly a series of halls. The halls are
not decorated with any valuable objects. In fact, they are not decorated at all.
The interior is kind of like a maze. The only valuables you may find are in
the tombs. The tombs are furnished with precious jewels and stones. A lot of
these jewels have been put in museums. Unfortunately, some of them had been
stolen by grave robbers.
No land has been so expansively treated with wonders, as Egypt has. It
is filled with treasures waiting to be discovered. There are many questions to
be answered and mysteries to be solved.
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The Great Pyramid of Giza Essay
679 Words3 Pages
The Great Pyramid of Giza
Who built the Great Pyramid?
The Great Pyramid was built by the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. Khufuwas born in 2589 BC - 2566 BC. His real name was Khnum-khuf meaning 'the god Khnum is his protection. Khufuwas the son of another great pyramid builder, King Sneferu. Khufu's mothers name was Hetepheres. Khufuwas the second king in the 4th dynasty. The Greeks referred Khufu as Cheops
When and Where was the Great Pyramid built?
The Great Pyramid was built in the city of Giza, a resting place of ancient Memphis, and today it is part of Greater Cairo, Egypt. That's why it is called the Great Pyramid of GIZA. It is near the west bank of the Nile River. It was built…show more content…
It's 65 times Yao Ming's height, and Yao Ming's tall!
What Materials was it Built, What Tools were used, and How was it built?
To build the pyramid the Egyptians used rock. They also used limestone to build the pyramid. It was used to cover the pyramid so it would glimmer under the sun. The best limestone was deeper underground, so the men tunneled under the ground. The limestone was then removed from underneath and brought to the building site.
To get the rocks and limestone out of the ground, one man would begin by chipping away at the rock with a pick. He would dig a channel, growing wider and wider that freed a large block on all sides except for the base. Then other men would use levers to pry the block free. Once freed, the rock was then transported to the building site. With 20 men pulling a 2.5-ton block to the building site, it would take them approx. 20 minutes to cover the distance.
To build the Great Pyramid, the men used tools such as rope, stone hammers, and plumb bobs to help measure, align, chisel, and more to help in their constructions.
To ensure that the structures began on a level base, a wooden device shaped like the letter A was probably used. The A was laid on the corner of the structure to see if the two sides formed right angles. A plumb bob hung from the top of the A. If it hung straight, the builders knew that the base was level.