Explain Just War Theory - Essay
Just War theory is a notion that involves issues of justice in philosophical, political and religious aspects. The notion generally refers not only for obtaining the answer whether the war is just, but also in order to understand why wars are generally fought. The foundation of this theory goes back to ancient times, to be more exact to Ancient Greece.
In modern sense Just War theory means that was by itself has no negative meaning and can be even just and have positive side at certain conditions._________________________________________________________
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People percept war as something destructive, taking lives and bringing sorrow, tears and grief. This theory emphasizes not on the destructive side of the war, but on the justifiable and unjustifiable use of forces in it. It is more about reaching particular goals and means that are used in it.
According to the Just War theory war cannot always be just. It can be so, when it meets several criteria. I would like to discuss three of them, which are the most interesting to my opinion. The first one refers to the case when force is involved for punishment of those who have done something wrong, for correction of those people deeds. To my opinion this argument is not natural from the point of view that bad things generate use of force, which is wrong as well, and there is no place for mercy, forgiveness and love. Remains just an aggression.
The second one refers to the notion that just properly informed public authorities can use force in accordance to their views. My personal opinion that empowerment of public authorities may lead to confusion. As use of force involves many lives as those who will be going to struggle and those who will protect themselves, and giving many people’s lives into hand of one group of authorities, who just take the decision and may not fully take the responsibility, is not correct.
The third one is about last resort case, when force is used just when all other peaceful means are used and depleted. This argument seems to me rather controversial, as I cannot evaluate it objectively, and each separate case should be viewed and estimated. Probably this is the only argument that I can accept, but only upon certain circumstances.
There are also three key elements that just war should contain: discrimination, proportionality and minimum force. Discrimination refers to directing force to the militaries only and not involving civilians. Proportionality refers to the ration of used force to what was done wrong. Minimum force is clear, as it refers to limiting of people deaths and destruction.
In general I would like summarize that evil presumes evil only. It is well-known phrase. But I stand for the notion that each side should take the responsibility for their own actions and understand all consequences of any of them. I am against violence and I think that any use of force cannot be justified, as not everything during war time can be controlled and innocent people can die, and I am for love, peace and prosperity!
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The Just War Theory Essay
The Just War Theory
The Just war theory is and interesting one simply because the phrase just war is an oxymoron. War is defined by the Merriam-Webster dictionary as a state of usually open and declared armed hostile conflict between states or nations. Implicit in this definition of war is the result of death and since justice is right action towards other death is the most unjust of things. Thus war is unjust.
Although there is the case where one country goes to war with another because the other has unjust policy and warfare if the catalysis believed to change these policies.
Jesus Christ taught us to love our enemies and when they offended us to turn the other cheek. However that was what he preached to a small sect of Jews two thousand years ago. This teaching did not only work it worked well at the time because there was no way for a few hundred or even thousand early Christians to take on the whole Roman army, which persecuting the early Christians. However things soon changed drastically. Constantine the emperor of Roman had a religious conversion and made Christianity the official religion of the state. Which changed the nature of the religion. Christianity became main stream so to speak. Roman officials began to convert just because it might help them in the political career. The small Christian faith communities that had been in hiding for fear that they would be persecuted were able to come out and worship openly. In addition to all this the religion also became more scholarly. People became true historians and students of Christianity. The Church took on a government like hiearchtical structure. From all this change religious policies and disputes were no longer settle at just the local level by a few people getting together and figuring out what they though would be best. There was a system developed to resolve these problems. It involved consulting scholars on the subject and then coming to a conclusion in committee and writing an official policy on it. This policy setting process usually happened in Rome because that was the center of power and knowledge at the time. So most of the scholars of the time resided in there. Along with most of the Roman officials because it was also the capital city of the Roman Empire. This was convenient because after Constantine’s conversion there was nothing separating church and state. With church and state so closely connected it was impossible for the doctrine that all war, no matter what the reasons being, was bad to remain as it was. An empire can not be aposed to all war. War is unfortunately a necessary evil of government especially in that time period. Through this problem the theory of the just war arose. The Holy Roman Empire could not have other people attacking it and not be able to respond because of the official state religion prohibited it. From this imperial need for warfare the criteria for just ware came. However it is easy to see that they were...
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