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Population Explosion And Its Effects Essay

Read this essay to learn about the population explosion: causes and consequences!  

The rapid and dramatic rise in population of an area is termed as population explosion. As per statistical data, the world’s popu­lation has increased by 2.4 times from 1959 to 2000. The popu­lation of the world will be around 10.9 billion during 2050 (UN projection).

The combination of factors like high birth rate and low death rate is responsible for population explosion. The low­ering of death rate (mortality) is attributed to improved medical care, proper sanitation and appropriate nutrition.

The popula­tion explosion is mainly seen in many countries of Asia, South America and Africa. Thus, population explosion in an area may be defined as the condition of having more people than can live in a particulars area in comfort, happiness and good health. Accord­ing to Malthus (1978) the human population would outgrow the capacity of land to produce food.

For a stable population, the natality (birth rate) and mortality (death rate) should be the same. But with the development of science, the equilibrium in between natality and mortality has been disturbed.

Causes of Population Explosion

The main causes of population explosion may be outlined as given below:

(i) Improved Medicare:

With the development of medical sci­ence man is capable of eliminating epidemics like cholera mea­sles, flue, chicken pox, small pox etc. the diseases like cancer, ulcer, appendicitis etc. can be cured with suitable surgery.

(ii) Proper sanitation:

The present society is provided with improved public health system. That is, the steps have been taker to provide pure drinking water, proper drainage system, and latrin to avoid open defecation.

(iii) Adequate food supply:

With the development in agricul­tural technology and efficient transport system, all parts of the world are getting adequate food for their maintenance.

(iv) Illiteracy:

In some parts of the world, illiteracy is one tothe causes of population explosion.

(v) Improved living standard:

Rapid population explosion has been correlated with poverty and high childhood mortality rate. With improved living standard, the fertility rate has become higher resulting in population explosion. High fertility which has been traditionally associated with prosperity, prestige and secu­rity for the future, now jeopardizes chances for many to achieve health and security.

Consequences of Population Explosion

Some important consequences of population explosion are as follows:

(i) Stress on natural resources:

In order to supply food, water, clothing’s etc. to the increased population, the natural re­sources like forest, minerals, water, land, wildlife etc. are under high stress. The stress on the above resources causes serious environmental problems for the present and future generation.

(ii) Stress on civic amenities:

To maintain the increased population, there exists serious stress on civic amenities like water and electricity, supply, transport system, health services-etc.

(iii) Industrialization and urbanization:

In order to provide the basic needs of increased population, there is extensive in­dustrialization and urbanization which release a lot of pollutants to the environment.

(iv) Reduced fertility of the soil:

The fertility of the soil has been reduced due to over cultivation for generating higher amount of food resources.

(v) Scarcity of non-renewable resources:

Due to overexploitation of non-renewable resources, the amount is gradu­ally declining.

(vi) Waste accumulation:

As the population increases, a lot of waste is accumulated causing serious environmental haz­ards.

(vii) Lowering of agricultural lands (Farm lands):

To pro- vide shelter to the increased population the agricultural lands are used for the construction of houses.

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Population Explosion

Intro of Population Explosion


Population Explosion defined as a significant number of people staying in the individual area. It is a huge problem in India. In fact, in all over the world, it is increasing, especially in the poorer countries it is developing.

During the 1951 Census, the Population increased by 361 billion. During the 2011 Census, the Population increased by 1.21 billion.

Population Explosion is a big issue in the developing country. No one people are following the right step to control the Population, even the government of India is not leading proper rules and regulation for control the Population Explosion. It causes many problems among people.

Some people are suffering from an issue which generates by Population Explosion. Firstly, on this issue people are unemployed, and illiteracy also creates in India. The industry growth is not implementing in India for development.

Due to the post- independent India, it was big problem and negativity of India, which affects the economy. In the present India, Population is growing day by day. There is no implementation for developing the country. National wealth is significant for the development in ever-expanding spheres.


Population Explosion refers the massive and sudden rapid rise of Population among the human being. It causes the poor result in census while Population increased.

  • It is the main purpose, that increasing birth rate day by day in India.
  • It is good in the country, where the infant mortality rate decreases in India.
  • There is life expectancy has improved in India.

In India, there is limited employment and literacy among the people. Due to the Population Explosion, it is prominent in under-developed.


Causes of Population Explosion



In India, there is Population Explosion increasing day by day. Most of the people don’t have the knowledge about control the delivery. The birth rate is increasing due to the lack of awareness in people. There is the full range of gaping has increased in Population.

The birth rate increases, when an average number of women born to the child came down from about six in the fifties to 4.4.

In 1951-61, the average birth rate was 42 per thousand Populations.

In 1996, the average birth rate came down 28.1 per thousand Populations.

  • Decreases of infant mortality rate

Due to the age of science and technology, some people are getting the proper facility for improvement of good health and best medical care. Because of the science, there is an extensive use of preventive drugs, which can reduce the infant mortality rate.

During the past time, there was not any facility reduce the infant mortality, but that time science makes all possible for everything.

In 1995, the average infant mortality rate was 74 per thousand in India. In an Urban area, it was 49 per thousand, and in the rural area, it was 80 per thousand.

  • Growth of life expectancy

In India, there is the life expectancy will become weak, when the proper nutrition and good health do not improve by the human Population. Due to improved living condition, the better sanitation, better nutrition, and education in the Human Population improves the life expectancy. It is significant for the person.

The good quality of food creates the life expectancy for the human being and it well-nourished to the people while using of nutrition food. Population grows when they adequately nourished.

Due to lack of illiteracy among women is the biggest problem of family planning. The female education directly related to age at marriage, the general status of women, their fertility and infant mortality rate, and so forth.

In 1991, the male literacy rate was 64.13%, and female literacy rate was 39.29%.

In 1999, the male literacy rate was 73%, and female literacy rate was 49%.

In India, everyone should become literate either male or female. Education must develop the skill, personal liberal, broad-minded, open to new ideas, and rational.



Effect of Population Explosion

Population Explosion creates by many facts which are following as:



Due to the growing countries, the unemployment is also increasing day by day. It is the main reason to back the economy of countries. Millions of people are jobless in the India. They are not getting the job after finding everywhere.

After all that, they lose their confidence about searching the job. The unemployed people are living with a very dangerous condition of the economy. Without the job, they have ensured the living, left frustrated, and demoralize. They lose their faith in their life.

It happens in India as compared to other countries such as South Africa and Asia.

In India, there is the number of Population and also impressing day by day. It is more useful for the Population Explosion. There are over Population in India. Because of this condition of India, people are not getting comfortable and accommodate life. It also poses a threat to the environment.

Poverty is the primary reason of Population Explosion. Most of the people, who belong from the poverty line, they have not any knowledge about the overpopulation of country. They generate the high birth rate in India, which can cause and effect of Population Explosion.

Due to the poverty, there is massive growth of Population.  On the other hand, the large number of Population almost increases by the poor people of the country.


Due to the result of 2011 census, the poverty level was 1.21 billion while in the forties the poverty line was 400 million.



In India, the illiteracy is the key reason of Population Explosion. The resource available fixed. In theory and practice, the total available resources are shared by the people using them. Some of the people have not any sources to provide the education to their children.

People get the low health status, when they have not adequate food and nutrition.

  • Pollution and Global Warming

Pollution and global warming are most effective for the Population Explosion. Much Population creates the pressure on the earth. There arise excessive demands for finished products leading to over-industrialization and over-utilization of resources.


Prevention of the Population Explosion


Awareness made by government


The government creates more awareness among our country. They cannot ignore or shelve the problem of Population Explosion. Our nation is mostly active dependent on the government of India, how they treat and solve the problem of India.

The government made this awareness, at the central and state to think about adopting an official program to educate opinion and reduce the birth rate so that the Population can fit in well with the evolving pattern of developing country.

The government also starts the program of family planning in 1952. The government is still trying to aware to people for family planning campaign. The small family is right for every citizen of people, and they have to be aware of it.  Small families always become happy and healthy, and they can complete all needs of children. It is the best advantage of small family. It controls the Population. It is much beneficial for the country.

So everyone should have to follow it.



Population Explosion has caused more pressure on earth. We should save energy so that the entire Population can enjoy its benefit. We can control the global warming issues by curbing the use of fossil fuels. Food security is another area that needs attention. The agricultural output should increase with growing Population to make a sure steady supply of food to all. We should use potable water carefully. With larger Population, there is a need for harmony and peace among nations.

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