CCOT ESSAY SAMPLE
Question: Choose TWO of the areas below and analyze the developments of major religious & philosophical ideas between 2000 BCE & 600 CE.Be sure to discuss continuities as well as changes.EuropeSouth AsiaMiddle East
The major developments in religion and philosophy in the period 2000 BCE to 600 CE were that religions moved from concrete, polytheistic and localized to abstract, monotheistic and universal. In both the Middle East and Europe, especially after about 500 BCE, there was anincrease in the use of logic, reason, and science to explain some of life’s most basic questions. Throughout the period, people in both regionsremained religious and continued to seek answers to questions such as their existence, afterlife and natural phenomena, but the more complex thesocieties became and the more dissatisfied they became with the polytheistic religions, the more they moved toward monotheism and rationalism.
Religions at the beginning of the period
were concrete, local to the culture and polytheistic
. Most societies explained natural phenomena andanswered life’s most basic questions through their religion
. The development of religion is older in the Middle East than in Europe. The firstsocieties
such as the Sumerians believed in many gods and goddesses that were super humans
, but had the same characteristics as man. Not havingthe scientific knowledge to explain natural occurrences, these early civilizations explained them through the actions of their gods. Because priests hadknowledge of and access to the gods they were powerful religious and political figures
. In Europe, the Greeks and early Romans also worshiped a plethora of gods and goddesses, who were thought to control the heavens, the earth and the underworld
. These Gods married, had children, andfought just as humans did
. But these early religions did not set out principles for “right conduct.”
These religions became inadequate as thesocieties became more complex and there was greater interaction between them.
By 500 BCE changes in religion began to occur in both Europe and the Middle East
as the first monotheistic religion appeared in the Middle East,and in Europe the Greeks began to develop a philosophy based on rationalism
. The Hebrews returned from the Babylonian captivity with a strong belief in a single monotheistic god who was not only the god of the Hebrews, but a single universal god
. The Hebrews also were the first to have areligion that set out laws for living one’s life, as in the 10 Commandments
. The Persians who were a much larger and more complex empire than theHebrews, also moved toward a religion-Zoroastrianism, which preached about judgment day, free will, and the forces of good and evil
. As trade andtravel between civilizations increased there was interaction between different religious groups
. Nestorian Christians traveled west across the silk roads attempting to convert those of central Asia
. The development of Manichaeism, a syncretic blend of Buddhism, Zoroastrianism andChristianity, in Persia revealed an increasing interaction between religious ideas from different societies
. In Greece, Athens was experiencing itsgolden age
. To the educated, the polytheistic religion of the past was no longer satisfactory for explaining natural phenomena
. Socrates, Plato, andAristotle encourage the use of logic and reason in the search for truth
. Early Greek philosophers and Aristotle sought answers to the nature of thingssuch as the elements of the universe. The developments in science continued as Alexander the Greek brought the ideas of the Greeks of Europetogether with the ideas of those in the Middle East. This interaction caused major developments in physics, math and medicine. As the societies became increasingly more complex and there was continued interaction between different cultures further changes in religious ideas and philosophydeveloped.
Although changes in religion and philosophy continued into the Classical Era, the people continued through out the time period to seek answers totheir own existence, proper conduct, and the nature of the universe
. Religious institutions continue to be closely tied to the state
. In the period between the first century and sixth century, both regions are brought together by the Roman Empire. Ethical monotheism continued its growth in theregion with the development of Christianity
. It first developed in the Middle East and then spread into Europe. The spread of Christianity washelped by the extensive roads, general peace and later, imperial support of the Roman Empire
. The Greek tradition of humanism—to glorify andhonor man’s accomplishments continued to be popular with the Romans
. Philosophy also continued to develop with the Roman’s adoption of Stoicism and the work of people like the physician, Galen
. Even after the collapse of the Roman Empire, the Byzantines continued the legacy of Christianity and Greco-Roman traditions
. By the end of the Classical era, two monotheistic religions and a philosophy of humanism and rationalismhad developed in the regions.
:From the earliest of civilizations until 600 CE, religion played an important role in the lives of those in Europe and the Middle East. Religion became more complex as the societies developed and grew. All the major world religions and philosophies except Islam had developed by the end of the period in question. Judaism and Christianity provided their believers with a guide for living life on earth and explanations for the afterlife.Philosophies such as that of the Socratic philosophers pushed men to use reason as well as faith as a path to the truth.
Transcript of APWH CCOT Essay
Social hierarchies-classes, ability to move up the social ladder. Gender issues-rights of women, make sure to distinguish between upper and lower classes in the society. Slavery in society. Levels of education.
CCOT: what's it stand for?
Change, as in how did things change? What was different from when it started? Why? How? What were the effects?
What stayed the same from the beginning, despite the changes that took place?
What time period did these changes take place?
What time period is mentioned in the question?
What kind of topics could it include?
How long should I take on it?
take about 5 minutes to organize your essay (no more than 10 mins)
The most helpful thing you've got
in planning the CCOT essay...
what is happening at the beginning of the time period as related to the topic(s) in the prompt?
you'll spend the rest of your time writing the essay (30 mins is suggested)
try to write quickly, using your BCC chart for reference, but don't write so messy that it's unreadable.
What should my essay include?
using your BCC chart, you should make an outline for ideas and presentation
paragraph 1: intro and thesis
paragraph 2: beginning
paragraph 3: changes
paragraph 4: continuities
paragraph 5: bring it home
the thesis is your roadmap
this is important, your thesis is what will define the rest of your paper.
how to write a nice thesis
step 1. FULLY ADDRESS THE QUESTION
step 3. address AT LEAST 2 changes and 2 continuities
provide an outline of your changes and continuities that you can expand on in your body paragraphs.
step 2. Takes a stand (categories) with regard to the question asked.
A. the key terms and parameters
B. the time period(s)
C. the region(s) to be discussed
summarize all of the info in your essay, make connections to the world, how did this affect your topic's global standpoint? how did this impact the future?
How will I be graded?
a thesis that addresses
the global issues in the question
and covers the correct time period(s)
what they want
what it's worth
address all parts of the question
(both change & continuity)
historical evidence that supports
show change over time using relevant
history, including characteristic of
the time period to explain context
analyze the process of change and continuity, and describe what changed and how it changed, including the causes & effects
a comprehensive, analytical thesis
analysis of all parts of the issue
ample historical evidence that acts as proof for your thesis
connections to ideas, events, or other issues
what they want
what it's worth
what is a good score?
a 7 is quite good, but you want to
shoot for a 9. remember, if you
don't get all of the basic core requirements, then you don't even have a chance to get the expanded core.
even if you have all of the expanded core points, but miss one of the basic core points, you're looking at a 6, which is good but not great
what if I don't know about the topic?
there is a chance that you might get a question that you don't know how to answer, but the CCOT writing prompts always give you a list of countries, time periods, or political units to choose from
if you're stumbling through your essay, just write everything you know about the topic, even if it seems small or unimportant, just make sure you don't forget about organization
Explain the changes that occurred from the beginning to the end of the period OR from the first period to the second (depending on the question). Be sure to explain (analyze) WHY these changes took place; remember that the pivot is usually the determining factor of change.
Explain what conditions, characteristics or patterns remained the same from the beginning of the period to the end and (analyze) WHY the stability remained.
Brainstorm change(s) that occurred during the time period as related to the topic(s) in the prompt.
Brainstorm things that remained consistent during the ENTIRE period as related to the topic(s) in the prompt.
Establish the MAJOR characteristics, patterns or conditions at the beginning of the time period.
List the major occurrence(s) in the prompt's timeframe that caused changes to happen, this will often become the analysis for the essay.
Analyze WHY the change(s) happened
WHY the consistency remained
Includes state systems: having to do with political organization of a government in a society. Military power & organization.
Includes trade: internal and external economic activity within a society. Agriculture: subsistence or commercial. Manufacturing. Economic systems like merchantilism, manorialism, free enterprise.
Includes intellectual development: This incorporates ideologies, belief systems, aesthetics, and education. Written language and development.
MIGRATION AND DEMOGRAPHY:
M-The movement of peoples permanantly or temporarily.
D-Anything that influences population shift positively or negatively with respect to size and density, distribution and statistics.
New tools and inventions that help advance society. Include SPECIFIC EXAMPLES!
Systems of making a living including agriculture, trade, manufacturing; groups in society that perform manual labor and undesirable work of the society like slavery, coercive labor, debt labor indentured servitude.
How societies impact and are impacted by the environment. Both positively and negatively.
Points to Consider
Focus on WHY in change and continuty paragraphs.
ABCD Method for thesis and body paragraph set up.
A-Address the prompt
B-Beginning of period
D-Did not change
Be sure to support generalizations with SPECIFIC EVIDENCE.
Provide the connections to the thesis and the analysis.
Refer to time and sequencing to show understanding of the importance of chronology in history.
Connect local developments to global themes.