The topic of our discussion is a research proposal, its purposes, peculiarities, and structure. This type of paper is similar to a social issues essay, as it presents the idea writer wishes to pursue. A good research proposal on motivation proves that the student has already thought out his or her project and has spent a lot of time on gathering and reading available information, analyzing, and organizing their ideas.
This type of academic writing is not a one night project, because you will not be able to present your ideas in the correct way. It is important to mention that writing your research proposal on motivation is the second step after choosing the appropriate topic. You have a subject to write about motivation. And now you have to create an analytical question to answer to the audience. The base of good research proposal is a good research question.
What is an analytical question? There is no common example of it – this can be presented in various forms and one is not necessarily better, than the other. No matter if you are writing a social issues essay or a research proposal, your analytical question should be descriptive, moving from “what” to “why” and “how”. Your aim is to use the “what” to answer the “why”.
Like any other academic papers, your research proposal on motivation should contain the following parts:
The earlier you start your writing your paper the better the result will be. If you do not follow your instructor’s directions you will not succeed in your purpose.
A standard research proposal on motivation is should not be longer than 10% of the whole paper. For instance, if the total amount of words in your research paper is ten thousand words, the research proposal should be one thousand words.
A standard research proposal on motivation consists of:
Just as a social issues essay and motivation essay example has an annotated bibliography; the research proposal should present the same, proving the importance of all the sources used.
The most important part of research paper is the research proposal. The quality of this part may influence your professor to accept your paper or send it back for revision. To avoid this unpleasant situation, one is recommended to follow these helpful tips:
The Influence and Significance of the Self-Determination Theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation) Involvement in Educational Process
Motivation is one of the factors, which encourage the person to the commitment of some actions and play a crucial role as the psychological determinant. There is a plenty of different theories, which try to explain mechanisms of motivation and its affection on various aspects of life. The Self-determination theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation) consists of two points of a view on the psychological triggers. The essence of this theory is developed throughout the duality of the psychological determinants, which function as prompt for the further concernment of a person. This theory has wide applicability regarding an educational process and may serve as a model for the practical implementation. The variety of ways of an involvement of teaching methods based on the Self-determination theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation) have not had proper functional usage in the real paradigm of a current educational system. The evaluation of an influence of teaching according to principles of this theoretical approach suppose to show a considerable advancement of a student motivation. The specific testing and the student’s rate would provide the coherent results of the practical involvement of the Self-determination theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation) and create a space for the further investigation as well. The analysis of the data within the involvement of psychological approach to the evaluation of student’s results helps to understand the weakness of this particular research and in theory itself.
The motivation composes a critical aspect of the successful completion of any activity. And the importance of the proper application of methods which are aimed to advance the motivational level of students plays a key role in the entire pattern of an educational process. For the centuries professors and psychologists discussed the advantages and possible ways of realization of different theoretical approaches in the frames of a current educational system. Before the discussion of the influence of particular models of motivational advancement, it is necessary to understand the importance of motivation itself. Motivation composes a considerable significance to an individual as a psychological phenomenon. Exactly due to the motivation person can commit some action, such approach to the evaluation of motivation is called the self-determinative. The another important point here consists of the variety of theoretical approaches, which are aimed to describe and evaluate distinct motivational paradigms.
The matter here is that the appearance of motivation is a complicated process, which could be realized within external triggers and inner intentions of an individual. Each professor is able to find a personal approach to students and advance their motivational level by some other means. However, the Self-determination theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation) is one of the most applicable to the pattern of an educational process. As it was mentioned before, the motivation is possible to treat ambivalently, as an inner paradigm and as a suite of different outside influences. The application of such theory in the pattern of an educational process would help to understand its practical meaning and possible ways of further investigation. The analysis of results would show the functional significance of this approach and contributes to defining perspectives for the entire educational system.
Before the evaluation of the background knowledge about the Self-determination theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation) into the pattern of an education system, it is necessary to understand the entire scope of importance of this aspect into the attitude of students towards education. As it was mentioned before, the motivation is a very complicated phenomenon, which is necessary to analyze from two different sides at once. According to Ames “A qualitative approach to student motivation is concerned with how students think about themselves in relation to learning activities and to the process of learning itself. The salience of specific goals in classroom structures can orient students toward qualitatively different patterns.”(268) So to say, the motivation of students compose one of the most important aspects of a successful educational process.
Discussing self-determination as the main theory in the paradigm of a development of motivation. As it was mentioned before, the affection on the motivation could be caused by some internal or some external factors. The self-determination theory claims that Intrinsic and Extrinsic component together create the motivation in the form, which is appropriate to whatever activity. This concept is developed exactly from the different types of emotional and psychological triggers, which may appear during some activity. Ryan and Deci in their work underline the differences between two main types of motivation (55), which, as the result of their balance, help to develop the collective self-determination motivation of a person towards some particular activity or process. This conception has a critical importance regarding an involvement into the educational system. Frequently, self-determination could serve as the single argument for the student in the decision-making about school performance. That is why the proper pattern of a correlation and successful involvement of some models of teaching has a critical role in the motivation of students.
The discussion of practical importance of the self-determination theory implementation in a standard educational process paradigm should be based on the balanced corporation of Intrinsic (personal attitude towards the activity, the individualistic desire to active performance, etc.) and Extrinsic (the specific combination of incentives and triggers, which are aimed to affect the person and advance personal motivation) motivation. The investigation provided by Noels et al. has a practical character. It had more linguistic nature and was developed with the aim to describe the correlation between teacher’s working attitude and the further context of a student’s course performance. Even with a distinct principal purpose, this research could serve as the excellent theoretical base for the investigation of the Self-determination theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation) impact into the pattern of an education system. The matter here is that the motivation has a variation character and the result of the Extrinsic motivation affection on a student is possible to observe in different ways.
Also, the full description of possible perspectives of the Self-Determination theory concerning current educational system was discussed in work by Deci, Edward et al., where the authors described the method in different ways, discussing it as a factor of a behavioral regulator, aspects of some human needs, etc. Also, authors provide an evaluative analysis of various works based on the motivation and its impact on the educational process. According to the authors, there is a considerable difference between results of students, who possess proper amount of Intrinsic motivation and continually obtained the outside influence, which formed the stable Extrinsic motivation, comparing to students, who did not have such specific approach towards their motivation. Such paradigm of research, which had Deci, Edward et al. is based on the belief of several recent decades about the considerable impact of external motivation on the development of self-determination and formation of a concernment in some process as well. The authors underline, that the self-determinative theory “…supports for competence (e.g., optimal challenges and performance feedback) and for relatedness (e.g., parental involvement and peer acceptance) facilitate motivation. However, such supports will facilitate intrinsic motivation and integrated internalization only to the extent that they are accompanied by autonomy-supportive rather than controlling interpersonal contexts.”(333) On the other words, there is a close connection between Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation. The matter here is that the previous paradigms of student’s inducement partly had a mistaken character.
The correlation between inside and outside triggers in very high, it is possible to trace the entire pattern of such connection in the experiments of different authors mentioned above. That is why the educational system should pay considerable attention to the various approaches of the personal involvement of students in the educational process. The problem of low rate and performance level among students is possible to fix within the means of particular changes in the theoretical approach of teaching itself. The studies by Deci, Edward et al. and Ryan and Deci could serve as the excellent example of the practical application of different approaches developed on the based of the Self-determination theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation).
Taking into the account the research question and the background information mentioned above, it is possible to suppose the most appropriate method of the investigation here as qualitative. Regarding current education system, there is a need to provide a practical evaluation of a self-determinative motivational theory affection on students performance in the result of particular outside triggers, which should stimulate the development of an individual concernment of a student in the rate and personal advancement as well.
Before the practical study itself, it is possible to apply The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) developed by Duncan and McKeachie (119), which always provides a correct and coherent statistical information. The next step should consist of a division of student into two groups: one, which should obtain the additional motivational triggers from the outside (including a specific atmosphere during the classes, professor’s performance, etc.) and the second group should continue the stable pattern of courses teaching.
After the space of a year of the practical involvement of experiment paradigm, it is necessary to provide The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) developed by Duncan and McKeachie (119) one again. The results of both tests should be compared and correlated with the rate of every particular student in each experimental group.
The results of this study would show a considerable difference between two groups participated in the study. According to the background information and the research question, discussed above, it is possible to suppose positive changes in the attitude of the first group of students towards their educational performance and considerable advancement of student’s rate, comparing to the second group of students. The analysis of tests, rate and the general level of well being of students would show a substantial practical effect of the Self-determination theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation) in the pattern of an educational system.
It is hard to deny the importance of motivation in the pattern of an educational process. But at the same time, the question of involvement of different motivational theories in reality of a current educational system is investigated poorly. This practical study would contribute to the general paradigm of changes, which should be realized in the further educational reforms. There is a plenty of different approaches for a motivation advancement in the frames of current education system. However, the importance of the Self-determination theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation) has not many practical pieces of evidence. The matter here is, that the great number of psychologists, for example, Deci and Ryan in their works underline the functional advantage of the Self-determination theory (Intrinsic and Extrinsic motivation) comparing to the other motivational theories. That is why it is possible to suppose this research as a significant contribution to the psychological view on the paradigm of a further development of an educational system.
The matter here is, that, as other practical investigations, this one contains some number of weaknesses, which is necessary to take into the account during the analysis of result and the evaluation of a practical importance of the study itself. The weaknesses might be caused by the limitations in participants number. Also, there is a chance of issues related to the time limitations. So to say, the time limit may appear as too short for the arriving of any results, which would satisfy requirements of the research question. These factors and some others require additional improvement in the further investigations, based on this research. That is why the following development of this study is obvious and should be provided with the necessary changes, which would be determined according to the weaknesses of this particular investigation.
Ames, Carole. “Classrooms: Goals, Structures, And Student Motivation..” Journal of Educational Psychology, vol 84, no. 3, 1992, pp. 261-271. American Psychological Association (APA), doi:10.1037/0022-06220.127.116.111.
Deci, Edward L. et al. “Motivation And Education: The Self-Determination Perspective.” Educational Psychologist, vol 26, no. 3-4, 1991, pp. 325-346. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/00461520.1991.9653137.
Deci, Edward L., and Richard M. Ryan. “Self-Determination.” The Corsini Encyclopedia Of Psychology, 2010, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., doi:10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0834.
Duncan, Teresa Garcia, and Wilbert J. McKeachie. “The making of the motivated strategies for learning questionnaire.” Educational psychologist 40.2 (2005): 117-128.
Noels, Kimberly A. et al. “Perceptions Of Teachers’ Communicative Style And Students’ Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation.” The Modern Language Journal, vol 83, no. 1, 1999, pp. 23-34. Wiley-Blackwell, doi:10.1111/0026-7902.00003.
Ryan, Richard M., and Edward L. Deci. “Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions And New Directions.” Contemporary Educational Psychology, vol 25, no. 1, 2000, pp. 54-67. Elsevier BV, doi:10.1006/ceps.1999.1020.
Writing a motivation essay example or research proposal on motivation is quite often an assigned task among college and university students. Of course, writing can be interesting and exciting, but if the submission deadlines are near, the situation changes. Students assigned to write a research proposal on motivation, for example, become nervous and helpless. We can help you. At EssayShark.com you will be able to purchase any kind of essay you require. Our writers will produce a high quality paper for you with a sound content. If you have to create a research proposal on motivation or need a motivation essay example, or any other kind of academic writing, just place an order on our site. You will be able to choose your own writer and have direct contact with him or her through our chat technology until the task is complete. We guarantee unlimited free revisions, professional assistance and support, a great number of free bonuses and complete satisfaction to our customers.
When you’re filling out your applications, you’ll notice that universities and degree programmes will ask for additional materials, like writing samples, transcripts, CVs, and recommendations. You will also see that sometimes schools will ask for personal statements, while other universities are asking for motivation letters.
Both the ‘motivation letter’ and a ‘personal statement’ are meant to provide this information. So, then, what is the difference?
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Before you start writing your motivation letter or personal statement, you have to do a little soul-searching and decide exactly what and where you want to study. Knowing what you want and your future plans will definitively make your writing experience easier!
For instance, based on our data, the most searched study options are:
But, if these aren’t exactly what you’re looking for, you can always consider applying to these awesome universities:
- Radboud University, in Nijmegen, Netherlands;
- HAS University of Applied Sciences, in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands;
- Budapest Metropolitan University, in Budapest, Hungary;
- Tampere University of Applied Sciences, in Tampere, Finland;
- Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, in Amsterdam, Netherlands;
- Uppsala University, in Uppsala, Sweden.
Being personal in a personal statement
A personal statement is your opportunity to get, well…personal. It’s the chance for you to talk about yourself (and who doesn’t love talking about themselves?) and explaining to the university exactly who you are.
A key part of a personal statement is your opportunity to be open and honest. Talk about the struggles you have had during your studies or life-changing experiences you have undergone throughout your life.
The personal statement is a chance to explain to the admission committee exactly what kind of person you are.
You should also specify how your personal experience has shaped you into the scholar that you are today, and how it will continue to influence your research (this is where there is a slight overlap between a personal statement and a motivation letter).
You have to tell about your plans and motivations; but, in a personal statement, you’ll want to place a lot of emphasis on who you are.
It is crucial that you be most honest about yourself, and outline anything that you think the admission committee ought to know about you – things that won’t fit on your CV or show up on your transcripts.
Most importantly, with a personal statement, you have room to be creative. Try to grab the reader’s attention with an interesting anecdote, or story from your life. Open with a quote from your favourite author, or philosopher. Introduce an idea that keeps them reading.
You do not need to feel constrained by any form, language, or structure. Use your personal statement to be expressive – this is exactly what they are asking!
Motivation for a motivation letter
Like a personal statement, you are also asked to talk about yourself in a motivation letter. The difference is, however, that you will have to spend a lot more space discussing your future goals than you do talking about your past experiences.
You will be asked to answer a few questions, like:
- Why are you applying for this specific degree programme? Why is this the right time for you to be applying?
- What do you hope to do in the future (i.e. career goals) and how is it connected with this degree?
- What are your specific interests on this subject? Do you have a specific area you would like to research, or a topic you would like to explore?
- What is so special about the programme you’re applying to, and what do they offer you? Show here that you’ve thought carefully about the school your applying to and the people who are there.
- What makes you the perfect candidate for this programme? This is where you talk a bit about yourself, your life, your experiences, and your abilities that have shaped the kind of student you are.
As you can see, in a motivation letter, you’re meant to answer a lot of ‘why’ questions.
In other words, you indicate to them specifically why you are sitting down and filling in this application today, and why they should look at your application. Spend less time on your own biography and backstory; spend more time talking about how you’ll be the best match for their programme, and what compels you to study there.
It’s important to note that a ‘motivation letter’ is actually a letter in the conventional sense. Start your motivation letter as you would any other letter, by writing, ‘Dear admission committee’; or, if (and only if) you know the name of the person who is assessing your application, address him or her by their surname and title: ‘Dear Dr. Smith.’
Afterwards, immediately talk about why you are writing the letter, and what has led you to this application; in other words, describe in detail your motivations for applying.
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Why the personal statement and motivation letter are so important
No matter which type of statement or letter the degree programme is asking you to write, these are vital pieces for your university application.
To put it simply, these documents fill in any gaps in information. Anything that cannot show up on your transcript or is not shown on your CV can go in your motivation letter or personal statement.
No matter which one the school is asking for, the point is for you to show them or convince them that you are the right student for their university.
Sometimes, for example, you may have a ‘gap’ years on your CV. You went through your Bachelor’s programme, but took many years to complete it when you decide to do something else for a year. Maybe you changed degrees during your studies.
Mention that in your statement of purpose or motivation letter!
So, take this opportunity to mention anything that you think may raise questions or concerns when they are looking at your application!
Most importantly, proofread, edit, and revise before you submit your application!
So, good luck with your application and never forget to have fun!