There is an assumption in the world that an essay is something literary you write for school about a topic that no one but your teacher will ever care about. At first glance, the dictionary does nothing to allay that sense. The very first definition is of “a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usually in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative.”
The reality, if any of you have read a blog recently, is that essays can be much more than that. They can be anything really. And here, the dictionary comes to our aid. The second definition of an essay is “anything resembling such a composition.” So really, essays are written compositions about anything.
Unfortunately, they can also be annoying, tedious and obnoxious. Whether it’s a high school essay, a college research paper or even an important office memo at your new job, at any given moment chances are you’d probably rather not be doing it. And the fact that you HAVE to do it just adds to the misery.
The stress of it all has twenty different things going on in your head at once: Where to start? What do I write about? How do I keep the momentum? What about pacing? I need a good grade, or a promotion, WITH A RAISE, a lot is riding on this!
Calm yourself. Writing the perfect paper, the kickass memo, the stellar essay — about ANYTHING — is not only possible, it’s easy.
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An essay is a lot like a military operation. It takes discipline, foresight, research, strategy, and, if done right, ends in total victory. That’s why I stole my formula from an ancient military tactic, invented by the Spartans (the guys in the movie 300). This tactic was a favorite of great generals like Brasidas and Xenophon (an actual student of Socrates) and was deployed successfully in combat countless times. I figure: if this one trick can protect a ten thousand-man march through hostile territory, country after country, it can probably work for something as silly and temporary as a paper or an essay.
We’re going to use this tactic as a metaphor — also a great term to use in our essays — for the structural elements of our essay. It will allow us to forget your teacher’s boring prompt. Forget “Commentary/Concrete Detail/Commentary/Concrete Detail” and all that nonsense.
Here’s Xenophon talking about this tactic in his Anabasis:
It would be safer for us to march with the hoplites forming a hollow square, so that the baggage and the general crowd would be more secure inside. If, then, we are told now who should be in the front of the square and who organize the leading detachments, and who should be on the two flanks, and who should be responsible for the rear.
Basically, their tactic was this: to successfully march or retreat, the general brings his troops together in an outward facing square with their supplies and wounded in the middle and the strongest troops at the front and back. As they moved away from unfavorable ground, the men would defend their side, stepping out only slightly to meet their attackers and then retreating immediately back to the safety of the shape. And thus they were completely impenetrable, able to travel fluidly as well as slowly demoralize the attacking army. As Xenophon wrote, the idea was that having prepared a hollow square in advance, “we should not have to plan [everything defense related] when the enemy is approaching but could immediately make use of those who have been specially detailed for the job.”
My method works the same. Consider your introduction as the creator of the shape, and then the following paragraphs making up each side. They venture outwards when called to, but never abandon the safety of the formation entirely. It is a process of constant realignment, maintaining the square at all cost. In terms of “writing,” you need only to create a handful of original sentences for the entire essay: a thesis, a theme, a mini-thesis that begins each paragraph and a concluding sentence that says what it all means. Everything else is a variation of these four sentences in some way. Together they create the square, and this serves as the point of return — much like Chuck Palahniuk’s concept of “chorus lines” (see Fight Club, where, whenever the plot gets off track, he immediately comes back to something like, “I am Jack’s sense of rejection”). The idea is to keep the reader protected, just the troops flowing in and out of the square kept the hollow middle, and thus the whole square, safe.
Let’s say you’re a high school student taking English or a college student stuck in a writing-intensive core class. You’re going to have to write a paper. It’s just a fact of life. So instead of fighting it, let’s just make it as easy as possible.
The outline I’m about to give you is simple. Essentially, the format requires just six original sentences and the rest is nothing more than reiteration and support of the ideas in those original sentences. Just like the tactics of Brasidas, you forge the rudimentary shape with the introduction and then all that’s left is defense — everyone (every word) knows their job.
No longer is the professor grading you in terms of the prompt, because you have redefined the dynamic on your terms. You have taken the prompt and made it your own. By emphatically laying out your own rules and track, excellence is achieved simply by following them. You place the reader in the middle of the square, protected by all sides, and methodically move them forward, defending doubts and objections as they arise.
I’ll go into specific examples soon, but here’s a hypothetical outline for a five-page paper:
1. Begin with a broad, conclusive hook. This will be the meta-theme of the paper. Example from a paper on The Great Gatsby: “When citizens exhibit a flagrant disregard of morality and law, societies quickly crumble.”
2. Thesis. This needs to specify and codify the hook in relation to the prompt/subject. Ex: “This atmosphere as shown in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby — with blatant corruption and illegal activity — eventually seems to become all but incompatible with a meaningful incarnation of the American Dream.”
3. One sentence laying foundation for first body paragraph. (These are mini-theses for each point you will argue.) Ex: Though Gatsby was a bootlegger, he was driven by hope and love, rather than the greed that motivated his status-obsessed guests.
4. One Sentence for second body paragraph. (Just like the sentence you just did)
5. One sentence for third body paragraph.
6. Restate the hook and thesis into a single transition sentence into the first paragraph. “The 1920s as the epitome of excess and reactionism symbolized a sharp break in the American tradition; one that no one seemed to mind.”
Notes/Advice: Some say the thesis should go at the bottom of the intro instead of the top, which I think is a huge mistake. The point of a paper is to make an assertion and then support it. You can’t support it until you’ve made it.
1. Rewrite first body paragraph thesis.
2. Support the mini-thesis with evidence and analysis.
3. Restate body paragraph thesis in the context of thesis as a whole.
-Begin with your strongest piece of evidence
-Introduce quotes/points like this: Broad->Specific->Analysis/Conclusion
-Always integrate the quote, and try to incorporate analysis into the same sentence. As a general rule never use more than 5-7 of the author’s words. Normally you can use even less: “It was Jay, who despite the corruption around him, looked forward to what was described as an ‘orgiastic future.'”
1. Rewrite second body paragraph thesis.
2. Support mini-thesis.
3. Restate body paragraph thesis in context of the paragraph above and thesis as whole.
1. Rewrite third body paragraph thesis.
2. Support mini-thesis.
3. Restate body paragraph thesis in context of the paragraph above and thesis as whole.
1. Restate hook/meta-theme.
2. Specify this with restatement of thesis once more.
3. One sentence for each body paragraph, surmising its assertion.
4. One sentence for each body paragraph, surmising its assertion.
5. One sentence for each body paragraph, surmising its assertion.
6. Rewrite hook and thesis into a conclusion sentence.
7. Last sentence must transition to a general statement about human nature. “The American Dream — and any higher aspiration — requires a society that both looks forward and onwards as well as holds itself to corrective standards.”
That’s it. Seriously. It works for a paper of 300 words just as much as it does for one of 300 pages. It’s self-generating, self-reinforcing, and self-fulfilling. Could you ask for anything better?
Just like the tactics of the great generals, by laying out the square in advance with clear, orderly lines, you insulate yourself from the chaos of improvisation. You mark the boundaries now so you don’t have to later, and excellence is achieved simply by filling them in with your sentences. Each paragraph is given a singular purpose and its only duty is fulfillment. Like I said earlier, with this structure you place the reader in the middle of the square, protected by all sides, and methodically move them forward, defending doubts and objections as they arise. And that is a great essay.
image – Shutterstock
The definition of beauty is elusive. Each individual has a different perspective and view of beauty. It is either categorized as a phenomenon that comes from inside or outside a person or object.
The modern idea of beauty usually clings to the concept that it involves that shape of peoples’ physique. Women especially want to be perceived as beautiful. They might even go to the extent of taking part in an operation for the sole purpose of looking more attractive.
Someone’s inner beauty can be seen as completely different, and can strongly contrast with what people view as outer beauty. Although we could justify that outer beauty is the first aspect people will look at and judge others by, it is never an excuse to not consider the power of inner beauty. With these two types of beauties in mind, we can think about which one is the true sense of beauty.
Make up does not emphasize who we really are. It is a way of hiding ourselves. Does it not it feel heavy to wear make up, on our bodies and personalities? Make up is a way of cloaking ourselves from our true aura, not far off from being a mask. Wearing make up is also an interpretation of insecurity. Why do we wear make up? Is it to hide wrinkles and skin imperfections? To hide flaws?
Surgery is far worse. People who are not satisfied with what God had blessed them with spend an extravagant amount of money to be “beautiful”. We have to consider how special we are. We are unique because we are made from God’s image and likeness. We are beautiful already. Just as the organization of Oklahoma Women’s Coalition stated: “All women and girls are beautiful. Say it. Believe it. Be beautiful. Because you are.”
We will never achieve our true incipient in life if we keep on pulling our entity down. Do you not think that the desire of a women to transform physically has taken us too far away from a healthy relationship with our true selves?
We cannot avoid the fact that all of us, men or women, without any exception, have some sort of infatuation to be attractive. But did you ever wonder what really pushes us to be like this? To be obsessive about beauty and fame? What do we always bump into wherever we go, that is slowly abducting the minds and lifestyle of our people? What served as an “inspiration” for individuals in pertaining their dreams to look just like magazine photos of celebrities? To be just perfect?
It is none other than the media that affects people’s perspective of real beauty. It is extremely difficult to avoid viewing advertisements of pills and cosmetics for “beauty enhancements”, as they are present in every form of popular media. The media is bombarding us with different outlooks of reality and no one seems to be bothered about it. Models being soaked with make-up just to hide their flaws is a way of being unrealistic. It is the act of hiding what is real and showing off an unhealthy image of beauty.
Yet, media’s way of brainwashing is akin to a test of our contentment of what our creator had blessed us with. It is a temptation that lengthens our gap from reality. We do not need to bash media over its head for its indiscrepancy. The owners of media companies are doing what they need to do to sustain their needs for living. These brainwashers are like termites that dirties the mind of people and fills their minds with lust and desire. Tempting us. Remember that life contains many tests, and you will not even notice that you are facing one. You need to strengthen your faith and endurance, as well as your self-esteem.
Real beauty is rarely seen by people. Confucius once stated: “Everything has beauty, but not everyone can see it.” This philosophy explicates that true beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Look into those narrow dark orbs known as eyes. You will see a person’s true aura. Through looking deep into their eyes, you can feel the person’s ambiance and emotion, whether they are optimistic or in a state of melancholy. Life is easier if we live in harmony with what is real.
I once passed by a blog about real beauty. Rebecca Hillegeist, the blog owner, concluded that real beauty comes from inside and radiates out into your energy field—this energy is what creates your reality. She also stated that we should stay positive and look through obstacles in a bright and positive side. Love what you have now. Do not proactively change your true physical self. Do not emulate others for a better physique.
Everyone is beautiful. There might be circumstances when people look down on their own physical structure. It is because they are comparing themselves to others too much. You always contra-distinguish your imperfections when you vie to be someone else. We are special in our own way. If we really want to think ourselves as beautiful, be thankful and faithful. We do not have to brag about our beauty, but we can prove to ourselves that we are valuable.
Our world is full of beauty because we are all made that way. This is life’s great reality – that reality itself is beauty.
What Is Real Beauty?